It's important to note that this is not a definitive dictionary, as it generally excludes archaic, offensive, slang, specialized and regional vocabulary. French is also one of six official languages used in the United Nations. It is the second most widely used language within EU institutions after English, but remains the preferred language of certain institutions or administrations such as the Court of Justice of the European Union, where it is the sole internal working language, or the Directorate-General for Agriculture. For lower levels of competency, I've found this Yahoo! ", "Detailed Mother Tongue (186), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) (2006 Census)", "Language Use in the United States: 2011, American Community Survey Reports, Camille Ryan, Issued August 2013", U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 3, "MULTILINGUALISM AND SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION AND LEARNING IN PONDICHERRY", "French Declines in Indochina, as English Booms", "The role of English in Vietnam's foreign language policy: A brief history", "Article 11 of the Lebanese Constitution", "La Francophonie grants observer status to Ontario", "Greece joins international Francophone body", "P9-1 – Population de 14 ans et plus selon la connaissance du français, le sexe, par commune, "zone" et par province de résidence", "Recensement 2017 – Données détaillées Langues", "Les premiers résultats du recensement de la population 2018 - Principaux_tableaux_population_2018", "Recensement 2007 – Données détaillées Langues", "Tableau Pop_06_1 : Population selon le sexe, la connaissance du français et l'âge décennal", "A Big Advocate of French in New York's Schools: France", "Want To Know The Language of the Future? Moreover, many languages habitually build long words from short ones. In the French spoken in these places, 70 and 90 are septante and nonante. For example, in 2014, The New York Times documented an increase in the teaching of French in New York, especially in K-12 dual-language programs where Spanish and Mandarin are the only second-language options more popular than French. When public education was made compulsory, only French was taught and the use of any other (patois) language was punished. At the time of the collapse of the Empire, this local elite had been slowly abandoning Gaulish entirely, but the rural and lower class populations remained Gaulish speakers who could sometimes also speak Latin or Greek. The Act applies to areas of the province where there are significant Francophone communities, namely Eastern Ontario and Northern Ontario. Their entrance as observer and associate states respectively into the organization was aided a good deal by their investments into the Organisation and France itself. [9] Of Europeans who speak other languages natively, approximately one-fifth are able to speak French as a second language. and "You speak French? Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. The /als/ sequence was unstable and was turned into a diphthong /aus/. Rev. Page 4. The active voice is unmarked while the passive voice is formed by using a form of verb être ("to be") and the past participle. The English language has inherited quite a few French cognates – which means that French words are used in English. The literal English translations are "Do you speak French?" There are a maximum of 17 vowels in French, not all of which are used in every dialect: French has three pairs of homorganic fricatives distinguished by voicing, i.e., labiodental, French has one rhotic whose pronunciation varies considerably among speakers and phonetic contexts. [35][36] Stanley Meisler of the Los Angeles Times said that the fact that the Treaty of Versailles was written in English as well as French was the "first diplomatic blow" against the language.[37]. The subjunctive mood only includes four of the tense-aspect forms found in the indicative: present (présent), simple past (passé composé), past imperfective (imparfait), and pluperfect (plus-que-parfait). Because it is important for you to learn French from native speakers, the audio that you hear in the flash cards and the Lingo Dingo comes from native speakers. But, the number of words in the Oxford and Webster Dictionaries are not the same as the number of wor… Robert Estienne published the first Latin-French dictionary, which included information about phonetics, etymology, and grammar. There are around 130,000 words in French. /a/, /ɑ/, /e/, /ɛ/, /ɛː/, /ə/, /i/, /o/, /ɔ/, /y/, /u/, /œ/, /ø/. For example, the following words end in a vowel sound: pied, aller, les, finit, beaux. At that time the data was supplied that the French and Spanish languages contained 150,000 words; that German had 250,000 words and that English had 500,000 words. Haitian Creole is one of the French-based creole languages, drawing the large majority of its vocabulary from French, with influences from West African languages, as well as several European languages. The Ontarian city of Ottawa, the Canadian capital, is also effectively bilingual, as it has a large population of federal government workers, who are required to offer services in both French and English, and is across a river from Quebec, opposite the major city of Gatineau with which it forms a single metropolitan area. French remains the second most-spoken language in the states of Louisiana, Maine, Vermont and New Hampshire. Every French noun is either masculine or feminine. 80%), often as their primary language.[43]. As you include new French vocabulary into your conversations, you will sound more fluent and smart, just as you would in … [2] According to a demographic projection led by the Université Laval and the Réseau Démographie de l'Agence universitaire de la Francophonie, the total number of French speakers will reach approximately 500 million in 2025 and 650 million by 2050. Out of about 900,000 students, about 500,000 are enrolled in Francophone schools, public or private, in which the teaching of mathematics and scientific subjects is provided in French. After several enlargements of the EU (1995, 2004), French significantly lost ground in favour of English, which is more widely spoken and taught in most EU countries. castels became château pl. Le Grand Robert de la langue française, one of the biggest French dictionary contains 100,000 words and 350,000 definitions. French is the second most common language in Canada, after English, and both are official languages at the federal level. Within the indicative mood, the passé composé, plus-que-parfait, futur antérieur, and passé antérieur all use auxiliary verbs in their forms. 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