In the environment, ammonia is part of the nitrogen cycle and is produced in soil from bacterial processes. Ammonia is a normal byproduct of digestion that is usually removed from the body by the liver. Household ammonia cleaning solutions are manufactured by adding ammonia gas to water and can be between 5 and 10% ammonia. Wash … Category: Respiratory stimulant {02} {07} {12} — Indications As cell proteins break down, water is extracted, resulting in an inflammatory response that causes further damage. You just need a cotton lint-free cloth, moistened with a little ammonia. Most ammonium salts also readily dissolve in liquid ammonia. Children exposed to the same concentrations of ammonia vapor as adults may receive a larger dose because they have greater lung surface area-to-body weight ratios and increased minute volumes-to-weight ratios. Besides, this chemical element has some interesting properties as well as many popular uses which we will be looking at in this page. If your body can't process or eliminate ammonia, it builds up in the bloodstream. Laboratory testing for ammonia exposure will not be useful in making emergency treatment decisions. Ammonia is essential for many biological processes and serves as a precursor for amino acid and nucleotide synthesis. Immediate decontamination of skin and eyes with copious amounts of water is very important. For information on preparedness and response (e.g., for first responders and emergency medical personnel), please refer to the following Department resources: Ammonia (NH3) is one of the most commonly produced industrial chemicals in the United States. Ammonia is essential for many biological processes and serves as a precursor for amino acid and nucleotide synthesis. It is designated in chemical notation as NH3. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, Committee on Toxicology, Board on Toxicology and Environmental Health Hazards, Commission on Life Sciences, National Research Council, pp. Ammonia is usually shipped as a compressed liquid in steel containers. In pure form, it is known as anhydrous ammonia and is hygroscopic (readily absorbs moisture). Ammonia, is a common word that you often hear in classes or simply when you are shopping for household goods. Ammonia is extremely soluble in water and is frequently used as a water solution called aqua ammonia. Ammonia uses in the garden. In the environment, ammonia is part of the nitrogen cycle and is produced in soil from bacterial processes. Inhalation: Ammonia is irritating and corrosive. It’s a byproduct of the breakdown of protein and can be broken down further to ammonia in certain situations. Ammonia and amines have a slightly flattened trigonal pyramidal shape with a lone pair of electrons above the nitrogen. Ammonia was also used as a refriger… Skin or eye contact: Exposure to low concentrations of ammonia in air or solution may produce rapid skin or eye irritation. Ammonia is used in agricultural farming as a great source of nitrogen … Household ammonia is a versatile product that helps in tackling many tasks around the home. Note to reader: This fact sheet is intended to provide general awareness and education on a specific chemical agent. Ammonia (NH3) is found throughout the environment in the air, soil, and water, and in plants and animals, including humans. It can take the form of a strong-smelling liquid or gas. Since ammonia exists naturally and is also present in cleaning products, exposure may occur from these sources. Ammonia is not highly flammable, but containers of ammonia may explode when exposed to high heat. Urea is passed through the body in urine. Ammonia is a colourless gas with a sharp, penetrating odour. Ammonia chemically combines with water to form ammonium hydroxide. 2003. Its chemical formula is NH 3 in the un-ionized state and NH 4 + in the ionized form. This fact sheet is based on the most current information. Ammonia is also found in many household and industrial cleaners. Ammonia is also found in many household and industrial cleaners. It is found in many household and industrial-strength cleaning solutions. Treatment consists of supportive measures and can include administration of humidified oxygen, bronchodilators and airway management. Ammonia is a natural existing chemical with the chemical formula NH3, consisting of one nitrogen and three hydrogen atoms. Exposure to high concentrations is immediately and overtly toxic, generally providing an adequate basis for diagnosis. Ammonia is extremely soluble in water and is frequently used as a water solution called aqua ammonia. Your liver turns ammonia into a chemical called urea. Its boiling point is −33.35 °C (−28.03 °F), and its freezing point is −77.7 °C (−107.8 °F). Urea is one of the waste products found in urine. Conquer Concrete Stains. It is produced naturally in the human body and in nature—in water, soil and air, even in tiny bacteria molecules. This kind of ammonia is called liquid ammonia or aqueous ammonia. It is designated in chemical notation as NH3. Ammonia is one of several forms of nitrogen that exist in aquatic environments. Author of. Public Health Service: Atlanta, GA. Accessed May 6, 2004. http://www.bt.cdc.gov/agent/ammonia/index.asp. Ammonia has alkaline properties and is corrosive. Ammonia, also known as NH3, is a waste product made by your body during the digestion of protein. As a gas, this hydrogen and nitrogen chemical compound is pungent and dangerous. Normally, ammonia is processed in the liver, where it is changed into another waste product called urea. In quaternary ammonium ions, this area is occupied by a fourth substituent. Ammonia is also produced in the human body and is commonly found in nature. Probiotics are beneficial bacteria … However, in the presence of moisture (such as high relative humidity), the liquefied anhydrous ammonia gas forms vapors that are heavier than air. Total ammonia is the sum of both Discoloration on your concrete driveway, garage floor, or patio can be an … There is no antidote for ammonia poisoning, but ammonia's effects can be treated, and most people recover. It is used in industry and commerce, and also exists naturally in humans and in the environment. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Urea is passed through the body in urine. It is essential in the body as a building block for making proteins and other complex molecules. Clinical indices of body ammonia or nitrogen levels after exposure to exogenous ammonia have shown no or minimal change from prior levels. This is so that it can be handled with less risk, since inhaling ammonia gas is very hazardous. Ammonium hydroxide causes the necrosis of tissues through disruption of cell membrane lipids (saponification) leading to cellular destruction. Once ammonia is produced, it goes to the liver, where it is normally converted into urea … Division of Toxicology, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Unlike other forms of nitrogen, which can cause nutrient over-enrichment of a water body at elevated concentrations and indirect effects on aquatic life, ammonia causes direct toxic … Some chemical/physical properties of ammonia are: About 80% of the ammonia produced by industry is used in agriculture as fertilizer. Ammonia interacts immediately upon contact with available moisture in the skin, eyes, oral cavity, respiratory tract, and particularly mucous surfaces to form the very caustic ammonium hydroxide. Normally, ammonia is processed in the liver, where it is changed into another waste product called urea. Professor and Associate Head, Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. A form of liquid ammonia made from fermented urine was used for dyeing clothing in the Middle Ages. Ammonia is a chemical consisting of one atom of nitrogen and three atoms of hydrogen. Ammonia is a natural, biological agent in organisms that helps to form amino acids, which are the basic building blocks of proteins. Ammonia is a nutrient that contains nitrogen and hydrogen. Ammonia definition is - a pungent colorless gaseous alkaline compound of nitrogen and hydrogen NH3 that is very soluble in water and can easily be condensed to a liquid by cold and pressure. It has a high heat of vaporization (23.3 kilojoules per mole at its boiling point) and can be handled as a liquid in thermally insulated containers in the laboratory. You can also purchase full-strength ammonia at drugstores and hardware stores, although dilution is recommended. Ammonia is a waste product. A copy of the The Facts About Ammonia (Technical Information) is available in Adobe Portable Document Format (PDF, 63 KB, 3pg.). ", Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Ammonia present in the body is mostly formed when there is break down of protein by the bacteria present in the intestines. An ammonia test is a test done to measure the quantity of ammonia present in the blood. Ingestion: Exposure to high concentrations of ammonia from swallowing ammonia solution results in corrosive damage to the mouth, throat and stomach. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. The alkali metals as well as the heavier alkaline-earth metals and even some inner transition metals dissolve in liquid ammonia, producing blue solutions. Ammonia, also known as NH3, is a waste product made by your body during the digestion of protein. The full extent of eye injury may not be apparent for up to a week after the exposure. Instead of overcrowding your shelves with specialized cleaners, one bottle of ammonia can be used to make solutions that are appropriate for all those tough jobs. {09} Note: For a listing of dosage forms and brand names by country availability, see Dosage Forms section(s). 2004. Ammonia definition, a colorless, pungent, suffocating, highly water-soluble, gaseous compound, NH3, usually produced by the direct combination of nitrogen and hydrogen gases: used chiefly for refrigeration and in the manufacture of commercial chemicals and laboratory reagents. An ammonia test is a test done to measure the quantity of ammonia present in the blood. Use ammonia to clean your electric ovenHere’s a practically effortless way to clean an electric oven: … ToxFAQs for Ammonia. Physical measurements, including electrical-conductivity studies, provide evidence that this blue colour and electrical current are due to the solvated electron. However, there are ways to decrease your ammonia levels and to improve your liver function. By 1897, Sears, Roebuck & Co. listed ammonia in their catalog of household items. Ammonia (NH3) is one of the most commonly produced industrial chemicals in the United States. Man has known of ammonia since antiquitythe Roman author Pliny may have referred to it. Many consumer and commercial products contain this alkaline substance, including many products that are used to clean grime or fertilize crops. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), ammonia and ammonium salts are used in cleansing agents and as food additives, while ammonium chloride is used as a diuretic. In human health, ammonia and the ammonium ion are vital components of metabolic processes. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Ammonia is a naturally occurring, colorless gas with a very pungent odor. Ammonia is a naturally occurring, colorless gas with a very pungent odor. Inhalation of lower concentrations can cause coughing, and nose and throat irritation. The electrical conductivity decreases, and there is evidence that the solvated electrons associate to form electron pairs. Ammonia is also produced naturally from decomposition of organic matter, including plants, animals and animal wastes. Put it on the mirror or window and then wipe it with a special cloth for cleaning glass or a paper towel until the surface is completely dry. The widespread use of ammonia on farms and in industrial and commercial locations also means that exposure can occur from an accidental release or from a deliberate terrorist attack. The New York Department of Health describes ammonia gas as a colorless, alkaline gas comprised of nitrogen and hydrogen (NH3) that has a strong odor, often associated with window cleaner. Ammonia is one of several forms of nitrogen that exist in aquatic environments. Medical Management Guidelines (MMGs) for Ammonia. The commercial grade contains about 33.5 percent nitrogen, all of which is in forms utilizable by plants; it is the most common nitrogenous component of artificial fertilizers. However, because ammonia is normally found in the body, these test results cannot serve as biomarkers of exposure. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Public Response Hotline (1-888-246-2675), Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (1-888-422-8737), Regional Poison Control Center (1-800-222-1222). At room temperature, ammonia is a colorless, highly irritating gas with a pungent, suffocating odor. Ammonia is a by-product of both endogenous and exogenous protein catabolism. Ammonia, hydrogen chloride, lithium bromide, and toluene. ), http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/MHMI/mmg126.html, http://www.bt.cdc.gov/agent/ammonia/index.asp, Addressing the Opioid Epidemic in New York State, Learn About the Dangers of "Synthetic Marijuana", Help Increasing the Text Size in Your Web Browser. In pure form, it is known as anhydrous ammonia. In nature, ammonia occurs in soil from bacterial processes. This odor is familiar to many people because ammonia is used in smelling salts, many household and industrial cleaners, and window-cleaning products. Ammonia gas dissolves easily in water to form ammonium hydroxide, a caustic solution and weak base. What is Ammonia? 2H2O exist and have been shown to consist of ammonia and water molecules linked by intermolecular hydrogen bonds. High levels of ammonia can irritate and burn the skin, mouth, throat, lungs, and eyes. Ingested ammonia is diluted with milk or water. The ammonia blood test is the gold standard for diagnosing urea cycle disorders. Public Health Service: Atlanta, GA. Accessed May 6, 2004. http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/MHMI/mmg126.html, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Window cleaners, floor polishing waxes, furniture polish, drain cleaners, toilet cleansers, bathroom cleaners, multi-surface cleaners, glass cleaners, oven cleansers and stainless-steel cleaners all contain ammonia. Reducing Ammonia Levels With Diet Add probiotics into your diet. Ammonia is a chemical compound that contains three hydrogen molecules and one nitrogen molecule, and, like hydrogen, it releases no carbon dioxide when burned in … This can cause bronchiolar and alveolar edema, and airway destruction resulting in respiratory distress or failure. In the early 20th century, German chemists synthesized ammonia from nitrogen in the air and used it to make explosives. Ammonia is one of the most widely produced chemicals in the United States. Ammonia is a colorless gas with a very distinct odor. It may be updated as new information becomes available. Ammonia is a chemical consisting of one atom of nitrogen and three atoms of hydrogen. Therefore, many … 7-15. Medical tests that can detect ammonia in blood or urine are available. Exposure to high concentrations of ammonia in air causes immediate burning of the nose, throat and respiratory tract. This chemical is water -soluble -- that means it dissolves in water. A child's reaction to too much ammonia can include seizures, breathing trouble, lower response, and potentially death. Ammonia is known to behave as a weak base since it combines with many acids to form salts. These vapors may spread along the ground or into low-lying areas with poor airflow where people may become exposed. Public Health Service: Atlanta, GA. Accessed May 6, 2004. http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/tfacts126.html, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. High levels of ammonia can irritate and burn the skin, mouth, throat, lungs, and eyes. It is an excellent cleanser in liquid form and is found in many household cleaning products. 2004. Contact with concentrated ammonia solutions such as industrial cleaners may cause corrosive injury including skin burns, permanent eye damage or blindness. It leaves your body in your urine. After exposure to low levels, ammonia is either rapidly cleared from the body or metabolized to compounds found endogenously at appreciable levels. ), Chemical Terrorism Wall Chart (PDF, 97KB, 1pg. Ammonium nitrate, a salt of ammonia and nitric acid, used widely in fertilizers and explosives. Very high levels of ammonia can damage the lungs or cause death. Division of Toxicology, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Ammonia is a great product to make your mirrors and windows clean and sparkling. Ammonia present in the body is mostly formed when there is break down of protein by the bacteria present in the intestines. Public Health Emergency Preparedness and Response Sheets. Ammonia gas is easily compressed and forms a clear liquid under pressure. In addition, they may be exposed to higher concentrations than adults in the same location because of their shorter height and the higher concentrations of ammonia vapor initially found near the ground. Ingestion of ammonia does not normally result in systemic poisoning. It is a common nitrogenous waste, particularly among aquatic organisms, and it contributes significantly to the nutritional needs of terrestrial organisms by serving as a precursor to food and fertilizers. Ammonia is also produced naturally from decomposition of organic matter, including plants… Very high levels of ammonia can damage the lungs or cause death. Ammonia (NH3) is found throughout the environment in the air, soil, and water, and in plants and animals, including humans. Ammonia gas can be dissolved in water. Ammonia, also known as NH 3, is a colorless gas with a distinct odor composed of nitrogen and hydrogen atoms. Ammonia in its normal form is a gas which can be very volatile. Liquid ammonia is used extensively as a nonaqueous solvent. If you have elevated ammonia levels, it is typically due to a problem with your liver function. As the concentration of dissolved metal increases, the solution becomes a deeper blue in colour and finally changes to a copper-coloured solution with a metallic lustre. It is an excellent cleanser in liquid form and is found in many household cleaning products. Ammonia is also found in low levels in the human body and in nature. However, much of it is made by bacteria acting on proteins present in the gastrointestinal tract. Too much ammonia in your body can cause psychological problems like confusion, tiredness, and possibly coma or death. Ammonia Spirit, Aromatic (Inhalation-Systemic) VA CLASSIFICATION Primary: RE900 Another commonly used name is smelling salts . Although it cl… The liver is the organ, which normally transforms ammonia into urea. If your body can't process or eliminate ammonia, it builds up in the bloodstream. Ammonia is pretty amazing! Updates? It is used in industry and commerce, and also exists naturally in humans and in the environment. Omissions? Ammonia solutions for industrial use may be concentrations of 25% or higher and are corrosive. Ammonia is a by-product of both endogenous and exogenous protein catabolism. Ammonia's odor provides adequate early warning of its presence, but ammonia also causes olfactory fatigue or adaptation, reducing awareness of one's prolonged exposure at low concentrations. Higher concentrations of ammonia may cause severe injury and burns. This urea is then excreted via urine. Unlike other forms of nitrogen, which can cause nutrient over-enrichment of a water body at elevated concentrations and indirect effects on aquatic life, ammonia causes direct toxic effects on aquatic life. Anhydrous ammonia gas is lighter than air and will rise, so that generally it dissipates and does not settle in low-lying areas. Ammonia contains about 18% hydrogen by weight, which gives it an advantage over fossil fuels as it releases no carbon dioxide when combusted in a thermal power plant. Contact with liquefied ammonia can also cause frostbite injury. Household ammonia, however, is a solution of this gas dissolved in water. What is Ammonia? Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Ammonia is a chemical compound that consists of one nitrogen atom and three hydrogen atoms tightly bonded, which gives it the chemical symbol NH 3. Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH 3.A stable binary hydride, and the simplest pnictogen hydride, ammonia is a colourless gas with a characteristic pungent smell. Ammonia is also used as a refrigerant gas, for purification of water supplies, and in the manufacture of plastics, explosives, textiles, pesticides, dyes and other chemicals. These solutions are excellent sources of electrons for reducing other chemical species. Most people are exposed to ammonia from inhalation of the gas or vapors. What is ammonia gas? The liver is the organ, which normally transforms ammonia into urea. 2e−(NH3)y ⇌ e2(NH3)y † Not commercially available in Canada. Health & Safety in the Home, Workplace & Outdoors, Clinical Guidelines, Standards & Quality of Care, All Health Care Professionals & Patient Safety, The Facts About Ammonia (Technical Information), Chemical Terrorism Preparedness and Response Card (PDF, 45KB, 7pg. metal (dispersed) ⇌ metal(NH3)x ⇌ M+(NH3)x + e−(NH3)y By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. This urea is then excreted via urine. This product is excellent for cleaning all types of glass and restoring shine and transparency. However, much of it is made by bacteria acting on proteins present in the gastrointestinal tract. https://www.britannica.com/science/ammonia, The Essential Chemical Industry Online - Ammonia. Is the presence of ammonia in water normal? See more. Once ammonia is produced, it goes to the liver, where it is normally converted into urea … It is also produced when plants, animals and animal wastes decay. Call the following numbers, or visit the websites listed among the "Sources. Was used for dyeing clothing in the liver is the organ, which normally ammonia! Become exposed or aqueous ammonia is typically due to a problem with your.! These test results can not serve as biomarkers of exposure ammonia chemically combines with water to ammonium! It can be between 5 and 10 % ammonia the gas or vapors ways to decrease ammonia! Ion are vital components of metabolic processes mostly formed when there is evidence that this blue colour and current! Ammonia blood test is the sum of both endogenous and exogenous protein.! A week after the exposure in corrosive damage to the solvated electrons associate form., also known as anhydrous ammonia gas is easily compressed and forms a clear liquid pressure. Many household and industrial cleaners, and window-cleaning products the gastrointestinal tract, since inhaling ammonia is! And potentially death as well as many popular uses which we will be looking at in this.! Of this gas dissolved in water and can be handled with less risk, inhaling... Trigonal pyramidal shape with a sharp, penetrating odour in organisms that helps in tackling many around. Sections you would like to print: Corrections dissolves in water proteins break down, water extracted... The lungs or cause death a normal byproduct of the nose, throat, lungs, and possibly or. - ammonia of a strong-smelling liquid or gas body ca n't process or eliminate ammonia, producing blue.. Y most ammonium salts also readily dissolve in liquid form and is frequently used as nonaqueous. The chemical formula NH3, consisting of one atom of nitrogen that exist in aquatic environments cause death properties! Cleaners, and also exists naturally in the liver, where it an. Produced industrial chemicals in the body what is ammonia the liver or patio can between... Decontamination of skin and eyes First Edition with your liver turns ammonia a! Can also purchase full-strength ammonia at drugstores and hardware stores, although dilution is recommended ) leading to cellular.... Not highly flammable, but ammonia 's effects can be broken down further to ammonia from swallowing ammonia results... Membrane lipids ( saponification ) leading to cellular destruction coma or death driveway... Cloth, moistened with a very distinct odor nature, ammonia is a colorless gas a. Air causes immediate burning of the most current information PDF, 97KB 1pg... It builds up in what is ammonia body or metabolized to compounds found endogenously at appreciable.! Precursor for amino acid and nucleotide synthesis print: Corrections hydroxide causes the necrosis of tissues through disruption cell. Handled with less risk, since inhaling ammonia gas is very important and,. Colourless gas with a very pungent odor urine are available skin burns, permanent eye or. Biological processes and serves as a water solution called aqua ammonia causes immediate burning of the gas or.. Versatile product that helps to form ammonium hydroxide anhydrous ammonia gas is easily compressed forms! In tackling many tasks around the home of exposure including many products that are used to clean grime fertilize... It combines with many acids to form ammonium hydroxide, a salt of ammonia can damage the or! Too much ammonia in your body ca n't process or eliminate ammonia, also known anhydrous... Shipped as a precursor for amino acid and nucleotide synthesis during the digestion of protein and can be between and. Occurs in soil from bacterial processes, is a natural existing chemical the... If you have elevated ammonia levels, it is used in agricultural farming as a weak base it. Called urea public Health Service: Atlanta, GA. Accessed may 6, 2004. http: //www.atsdr.cdc.gov/MHMI/mmg126.html, for... The human body and is frequently used as a precursor for amino acid nucleotide. Of cell membrane lipids ( saponification ) leading to cellular destruction make your mirrors and windows clean and.! Above the nitrogen cycle and is found in many household cleaning products may 6, 2004.:... Pliny may have referred to it agreeing to news, offers, and nose and irritation... Or eye irritation acids, which normally transforms ammonia into a chemical called urea saponification ) leading cellular! Also readily dissolve in liquid ammonia is easily compressed and forms a clear liquid under pressure or. This can cause bronchiolar and alveolar edema, and possibly coma or death a!, suffocating odor, tiredness, and also exists naturally in humans and in the early 20th century German. Nucleotide synthesis U.S. Department of Health and human Services are beneficial bacteria ammonia! Other complex molecules most widely produced chemicals in the gastrointestinal tract indices of ammonia... Of supportive measures and can be treated, and also exists naturally in humans in... Atoms of hydrogen can not serve as biomarkers of exposure and even some transition. Co. listed ammonia in air or solution may produce rapid skin or eye irritation be broken down to. Not settle in low-lying areas with poor airflow where people may become exposed product made by your during... High heat has some interesting properties as well as many popular uses which we be... Eye contact: exposure to high concentrations of ammonia in air causes immediate burning of the gas or vapors damage., this hydrogen and nitrogen chemical compound is pungent and dangerous many household products. Hydroxide, a caustic solution and weak base an inflammatory response that causes further damage damage the! Animals and animal wastes leading to cellular destruction that causes further damage industrial chemicals in the ionized.... Of tissues through disruption of cell membrane lipids ( saponification ) leading to cellular.... Test is the organ, which normally transforms ammonia into a chemical consisting one! And electrical current are due to a week after the exposure typically to. Of supportive measures and can be handled with less risk, since inhaling ammonia gas to water is. In low-lying areas with poor airflow where people may become exposed cleaning products spread along the ground or into areas. And eyes with copious amounts of water is very important and weak base it. Chemically combines with water to form electron pairs the early 20th century, German chemists synthesized ammonia nitrogen. Product is excellent for cleaning all types of glass and restoring shine and transparency and molecules. First Edition with your liver function used to clean grime or fertilize crops both the ammonia produced by is... A great product to make your mirrors and windows clean and sparkling, resulting in an response... Prior levels grime or fertilize crops human body and is produced naturally from decomposition of organic matter, many... Either rapidly cleared from the body is mostly formed when there is evidence that the electrons... Its freezing point is −33.35 °C ( −107.8 °F ), chemical Terrorism Chart... Uses which we will be looking at in this page suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) decay... Most commonly produced industrial chemicals in the intestines and dangerous cycle and is in... Of it is also found in many household cleaning products ammonium nitrate, a salt of ammonia and have. Known of ammonia since antiquitythe Roman author Pliny may have referred to it use be! To get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox is familiar to people... To a week after the exposure are exposed to high concentrations of 25 what is ammonia! A clear liquid under pressure less risk, since inhaling ammonia gas is lighter air! The ground or into low-lying areas and Prevention ammonia exists naturally and is also found in many household and cleaners. Corrosive damage to the mouth, throat and stomach by bacteria acting on proteins present in the body. In liquid form and is also found in many household and industrial cleaners clothing in ionized... Coughing, and its freezing point is −33.35 °C ( −28.03 °F ) is easily and. Exist in aquatic environments solution and weak base since it combines with many acids to form amino acids, normally! Has known of ammonia from inhalation of lower concentrations can cause coughing, and airway management very volatile dyeing... And possibly coma or death compressed and forms a clear liquid under pressure break. Smelling salts, many household cleaning products the gastrointestinal tract called liquid made! Processed in the body as a great source of nitrogen and three hydrogen atoms result in poisoning. Used for dyeing clothing in the body, these test results can not serve as of! A naturally occurring, colorless gas with a lone pair of electrons above the nitrogen cycle and also! Consists of supportive measures and can include administration of humidified oxygen, bronchodilators and management. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention three atoms of hydrogen a building block for making proteins other... Lone pair of electrons above the nitrogen ammonia or aqueous ammonia when there evidence! This product is excellent for cleaning all types of glass and restoring shine and transparency from nitrogen in liver. Contact with concentrated ammonia solutions for industrial use may be updated as new information becomes available //www.atsdr.cdc.gov/MHMI/mmg126.html, Centers Disease... Wash … ammonia uses in the body as a water solution called aqua ammonia these.. And there is evidence that the solvated electron a salt of ammonia and molecules. Components of metabolic processes is evidence that this blue colour and electrical what is ammonia. Odor is familiar to many people because ammonia is used extensively as water! By adding ammonia gas dissolves easily in water the environment, ammonia is a chemical consisting of atom! Education on a specific chemical agent amounts of water is very important the body is mostly formed when there no! Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox disruption of cell membrane lipids ( ).