These results further advocate the potential use of S. macrophylla as nutraceutical for the intervention of neurodegenerative and neuroinflammatory disorders. Cedrela mahagoni L. Cedrus mahogani Mill. Introduction. Other valuable timbers of Meliaceae from the American tropics are derived from species of Cedrela; C. odorata (West Indian cedar), for example, is the source of wood used for making cigar boxes. Affinities. General Distribution: Native to Mexico, Central America, and parts of northern South America. Treatment with specific inhibitors for Akt, NF-κB, p38 and ERK1/2 resulted in the attenuation of iNOS and COX-2 protein expression. The best known, Swietenia mahagoni (West Indian mahogany), is one of the world’s most valuable woods. Swietenia is a genus of trees in the chinaberry family, Meliaceae. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Plant List includes 3,155 scientific plant names of species rank for the family Meliaceae… Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Many tropical species of the family Meliaceae are important timber trees. marabaensis Ledoux & Lobato Swietenia tessmannii Harms Homonyms Swietenia … The genus is named for Dutch-Austrian physician Gerard van Swieten (1700-1772). #Meliaceae Meliaceae family! Swietenia acutifolia Stokes. Many tropical species of the family Meliaceae are important timber trees. The University of the Philippines (UP) is the country’s national university. and cedro, known also as Spanish-cedar and tropical-cedar (Cedrela spp.). [13], There are also claims of its ability to improve blood circulation and skin condition, as well as anti-erectile dysfunction. [18], The species is also known under other common names, including bastard mahogany,[19] broad-leaved mahogany, Brazilian mahogany, large-leaved mahogany, genuine mahogany, tropical American mahogany, and sky fruit, among others. Important Asian timber trees are Toona ciliata (Australian red cedar, or Indian mahogany; grown throughout South Asia, New Guinea, and Australia), Chukrasia tabularis (Chittagong wood; grown in China and Indo-Malaysia), and Soymida febrifuga (Indian redwood; grown in Indo-Malaysia). The term was next applied to the wood of Swietenia macrophylla, which is closely related, and known as Honduras mahogany. It occurs natively in the Neotropics, from southern Florida, the Caribbean, Mexico and Central America south to Bolivia. It is one of three species that yields genuine mahogany timber (Swietenia), the others being Swietenia mahagoni and Swietenia humilis. Species of Meliaceae contained within The Plant List belong to 46 plant genera. : Common Name: WEST INDIAN MAHOGANY: Plant Notes: Commonly planted and naturalized, in Florida this species is primarily native only to the northern Keys and southern hammocks of the Everglades (Little 1978; Morton 1987). is a genus of trees in the chinaberry family, Meliaceae.. [7], The seeds of mahogany can reach 7 to 12 cm long. The genus is named for Dutch-Austrian physician Gerard van Swieten (1700-1772). Species of the genus Swietenia (Meliaceae) are known for their quality of wood (Pennington et al., 1981), especially Brazilian mahogany, whose intense exploitation has placed … Swietenia macrophylla … [10] Through solvent extraction and fractionation done on seeds of Swietenia macrophylla, the ethyl acetate fraction (SMEAF) was further examined for its neuroprotective activity and acute toxicity effects. Distribution: Southern Mexico southward to Colombia, Venezuela, and parts of the upper Amazon and its tributaries in Peru, Bolivia, and Brazil. What is EDIS? Quite the same Wikipedia. Anti-inflammatory, antimutagenicity, and antitumor-promoting activities of mahogany seeds, Swietenia macrophylla (Meliaceae) Data provider: University Library, University of the Philippines at Los Baños. What we do. Each fruit capsule could contain 71 winged seeds. Distribution: Southern Mexico southward … A few species of Rutaceae are grown as ornamentals in temperate regions. Although the new species shares many characters with Swietenia microphylla, small differences in the length and width of petals and the length of staminal tube support its recognition as a new species. The tree is also planted in Laos PDR. mahogany, Honduran mahogany ECOLOGY In its original habitat, the climate is warm and equable, with temperatures ranging from 16 to 32 deg. Characters of Meliaceae 2. Khaya is the african variety while Swietenia is probably more native (Probably means: in India for a longer time than other one) Other Common Names: Caoba (throughout Latin America), Acajou (French-speaking areas). The wood of these genera, all of Meliaceae, is typically reddish in colour, lustrous, easy to work, and free of warping under changes in relative humidity. Swietenia Swietenia. The bark of the Indo-Malaysian Azadirachta indica (neem) is astringent and may also be used to make an insecticide. Phylogenetic studies suggest that the Meliaceae is most closely related to the Rutaceae and Simaroubaceae (Savolainen et al., 2000). Swietenia. Quite the same Wikipedia. The morphology of S. miocenica is well represented among Meliaceae. It occurs natively in the Neotropics, from southern Florida, the Caribbean, Mexico and Central America south to Bolivia. Citrus oils are commonly expressed from the rinds of different citrus fruits or from their flowers. Economic Importance 4. The Indo-Malaysian Chloroxylon swietenia (satinwood), eastern Australian Flindersia oxleyana (Australian yellowwood), and Caribbean Zanthoxylum flavum (West Indian silkwood) are used for veneering and cabinetmaking. Caoba. Characters of Meliaceae: Plants woody trees, leaves … It has clusters of fragrant lilac-coloured flowers and attractive but poisonous yellow berries. [14], However, there are reports of liver injury or hepatotoxicity after consumption of Mahogany Seeds both in raw form[15]and raw seeds grind and pack in capsule form. The best known, Swietenia mahagoni (West Indian mahogany), is one of the world’s most valuable woods. Swietenia mahagoni, commonly known as American mahogany, Cuban mahogany, small-leaved mahogany, and West Indian mahogany, is a species of Swietenia native to South Florida in the United States and islands in the Caribbean including the Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, and Hispaniola. Swietenia mahagoni Meliaceae (L.) Jacq. It is a native American word originally used for the wood of the species Swietenia mahagoni, known as West Indian or Cuban mahogany. For example Honduran mahogany is Swietenia macrophylla [citation needed], CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020 (, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", "Swietenia macrophylla: Big-leaf mahogany", "Biological Activities and Phytochemicals of Swietenia macrophylla King", "Acute toxicity profiling of the ethyl acetate fraction of Swietenia macrophylla seeds and in - vitro neuroprotection studies", "Potent PPARγ Ligands from Swietenia macrophylla Are Capable of Stimulating Glucose Uptake in Muscle Cells", "Home: ENVIS-Center of NBRI on Plants and Pollution", "42. ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about:- 1. Swietenia is a genus of trees in the chinaberry family, Meliaceae. Poncirus is a spiny hedge shrub; Skimmia japonica (Japanese skimmia) and S. reevesiana (Chinese skimmia) have white flowers and red berries; the North American Ptelea trifoliata (hop tree) has attractive winged fruits; and the northeast Asian Phellodendron amurense (Amur cork tree) is a valuable shade tree. Khaya senegalensis and Swietenia mahogani - indiantreepix | Google Groups : Khaya senegalensis and Swietenia mahogani Both these are Mahogany trees of Meliaceae family. Common name "caobillo", "zopilote" Cite. Swietenia (mahogany; family Meliaceae) A genus containing the true mahoganies, which are deciduous trees with pinnate leaves, and flowers that are functionally unisexual. These findings indicated that SMEAF possesses anti-inflammatory activities in BV-2 cells by modulating LPS-induced pro-inflammatory mediator production via the inhibition of Akt-dependent NF-κB, p38 MAPK and ERK1/2 activation. C; rainfall varies from 1250 to 2500 mm, coming mostly in summer but spreading almost through the whole year. The bark of Guarea rusbyi (cocillana) from South America is an emetic. Consumption of Swietenia macrophylla seeds can lead to hepatitis and autoimmune phenomena", "HSA Updates on Reports of Liver Injury After Consumption of Mahogany Seeds (Sky Fruit)", "CHP investigates suspected cases of hepatotoxicity after consumption of sky fruit seeds and related products", "Acute oral toxicity studies of Swietenia macrophylla seeds in Sprague Dawley rats", International Federation of Building and Wood Workers, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Swietenia_macrophylla&oldid=993801775, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2016, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Historic range of big-leaf mahogany in South America, Current range of big-leaf mahogany in South America, English - big leaf mahogany, large-leaved mahogany, Brazilian mahogany, French - Acajou à grandes feuilles, acajou du Honduras, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 15:52. Mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla) are classified as #Vulnerable by IUCN Red List of Threatened Species in 1998. [12], The ethyl acetate fraction from the seeds of Swietenia macrophylla (SMEAF) was studied for anti-inflammatory properties using lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced BV-2 microglia. 2008. Some species of Meliaceae have medicinal properties. The Meliaceae family is found in the Americas, Africa and Asia, and includes about 50 genera and 1,000 species (Watson and Dallwis, 1995). ... Swietenia tessmannii Harms. This poisonous perennial herb, native from southern Europe to northern China, is grown not only for its attractive whitish flowers but also for its ethereal oil; the glands of this plant can be squeezed and the oil expressed into the air and ignited by a match—hence the common name. Swietenia; Synoum; Toona; Trichilia; Turraea; Turraeanthus; Walsura; Xylocarpus; A list of all accepted names in Meliaceae is available in CSV format. Identification: Swietenia species can be very hard to tell from one another, but they can usually be distinguished from other species listed as mahogany (see following species further on in this article).All Swietenia species will have marginal parenchyma when viewed on the endgrain (see 10x endgrain scan). ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about:- 1. The leaflets are even in number and are connected by a central midrib. #Meliaceae common in the tropical dry forest in Mexico and too in Central America. The wood of Swietenia … The mahogany shoot borer, Hypsipyla grandella (Zeller), bores into the twigs and seed capsules of trees in the mahogany family (Meliaceae), especially mahogany species (Swietenia spp.) [citation needed], Historic distribution of mahogany in Mexico and Central America. The six or seven species of Khaya in tropical Africa and Madagascar, including K. senegalensis (African mahogany), produce a wood like that of mahogany, as do the nine species of omu, sapele, and utile mahoganies (Entandrophragma). It is one of … The Asian countries which grow the majority of Swietenia macrophylla are India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Bangladesh, Fiji, Philippines, Singapore, and some others, with India and Fiji being the major world suppliers. [citation needed], Historic distribution of mahogany from Mexico to southeastern Amazonia according to Lamb (1966). From Calvo et al. The biological boundaries between these species are not clear‐cut, and many biological … Swietenia definition is - a small genus of tropical trees (family Meliaceae) having seeds winged above and anthers borne between the teeth of the stamen tube. Dictamnus albus (burning bush) is one of the few members of the family that is not woody. The leaves of Ruta graveolens (rue) are a flavouring herb in Europe, and oil of rue is distilled from them. 2000. The genus is … Leaves of Murraya koenigii (curry leaf) are used in curries. Many tropical species of the family Meliaceae are important timber trees. As with Sapindaceae, members of Rutaceae are best known for their fruits. The usual dose of Swietenia Macrophylla prescribed in Malaysian folk-lore medicine is one seed per day. Swietenia macrophylla: Family: Meliaceae: Honduras Mahogany. Swietenia belizensis Lundell. Swietenia mahagoni (Meliaceae): species information from GCW Information on Swietenia mahagoni as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW). Media in category "Meliaceae" The following 15 files are in this category, out of 15 total. [citation needed], Revised historic distribution of mahogany in South America based on expert surveys. Dysoxylum fraserianum (Australian mahogany) is a timber tree of the forests of northern and eastern Australia. The Swietenia mahagoni is native to southern Florida, the Caribbean, and the West Indies. Several species of Carapa produce oils used for soap: in South America C. guianensis (crabwood), in Indo-Malaysia C. procera, and in East Africa Trichilia emetica (cape mahogany). Swietenia macrophylla, commonly known as big-leaf mahogany, is a species of plant in the Meliaceae family.It is one of three species that yields genuine mahogany timber, the others being Swietenia mahagoni and Swietenia humilis.. Read more about Swietenia Macrophylla. Photograph by: Gerrit Davidse. SWIETENIA (MELIACEAE) FLOWER IN LATE OLIGOCENE–EARLY MIOCENE AMBER FROM SIMOJOVEL DE ALLENDE,CHIAPAS,MEXICO1 CARLOS CASTAN˜ EDA-POSADAS2,4 AND SERGIO R. S. CEVALLOS-FERRIZ3,5 2Posgrado de Ciencias Biolo´gicas; Instituto de Geologı´a, Universidad Nacional Auto´noma de Me´xico, Ciudad Universitaria, Delegacio´n Coyoaca´n, Me´xico, D.F. Caoba. Swietenia is a genus of the Meliaceae comprising three species: S. humilis, S. macrophylla and S. mahagoni. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Both are from the Meliaceae … The Meliaceae is a family in which the diversity in fruits and seeds outweighs in complexity the floral details, which are the basis of angiosperm classification (Corner, 1976).Nevertheless, according to Corner (1976), it is necessary to examine fruit and seed structure in order to understand specific alliances within and between genera. [7], Mahogany is characterised by its large leaves (up to 45 cm long). It is one of three species that yields genuine mahogany timber (Swietenia), the others being Swietenia mahagoni and Swietenia humilis. Perhaps the best known is oil of neroli from the Seville orange, widely used in perfumery in France. Because of its commercial value, the species has been introduced and is cultivated throughout the tropical world. Aegle marmelos (bel fruit), Fortunella japonica (kumquat), and Limonia acidissima (elephant apple) have fruits that are widely eaten, while those of Zanthoxylum piperitum (Japanese pepper) are used as a condiment. In this study we report on highly effective computer-vision classification models, based on deep convolutional neural networks trained via transfer learning, to identify 10 neotropical species in the family Meliaceae, including CITES-listed species Swietenia macrophylla, Swietenia … Hundred of perfecting techniques ; in live mode: species: Swietenia mahagoni ( Indian. Species in 1998 of its upwards growth towards the sky light grey to brown capsule the members... Swietenia ( Meliaceae ) is used to make an insecticide macrophylla prescribed in Malaysian medicine! 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