The leaves are susceptible to Powdery Mildew Fungi (Erysidphales). The tall phloxes are cold-hardy plants, but they have a tougher time coping with extreme heat. The wild species of is less susceptible to powdery mildew than many cultivars. It is native to the South Carolina mountains and usually seen along stream banks and moist roadsides. ‘Crimson Beauty’ has bright, rose red flowers. Flowers of wild plants are usually reddish purple. ‘Rosalinde’ grows to 2 ½ feet tall, with deep pink flowers and reddish stems. It is a good cover for the leaves of earlier floweting spring bulbs. Because there are so many different species and cultivars, and they hybridize freely even in the wild, there is great variation throughout the genus. Downy phlox is taller than the others, growing to 15 inches in height. Growth habit varies as well, from low, mounded sun-lovers, to low spreading woodland phlox with upright flower stems, to strongly upright narrow types. Within any species, there are cultivars that are more or less susceptible. Spider mites are the most frequent insect pest, mostly occurring in hot, dry conditions on species that prefer moist soil. Phlox have been extremely popular with gardeners and widely grown since their discovery in the late 18th century. She is sometimes listed as a cultivar of spotted phlox and may possibly be correctly placed in this species or may be a hybrid. These perennials are tall enough to be inserted into the middle or back row of a bed of mixed perennials without getting lost. I believe that every wedding is a once in a lifetime occasion and that it should be a beautiful reflection of you as a couple, filled with details and inspirations that tell your love story. Like many other flowers of spring this plant gives some life to the forest. Phlox are grown for their abundant flowering, with most phlox species and cultivars also having a light sweet fragrance. Surfaces are finely hairy, with short fine hairs along the edges. It has lavender blue flowers and is low growing. Pineapple Weed. Moss pink prefers full sun, and well-drained soil. ‘Louisiana Purple’ is an excellent, very vigorous growing plant, with abundant deep purple flowers. Carolina phlox has an upright growth habit, reaching 2 to 3 feet tall and 1 ½ to 2 feet wide. It has moderate mildew resistance. Pussytoes. Many have contrasting eye zones. Pink Pyrola. It is a tough plant, and forms an excellent, low, dense groundcover especially well suited for growing on slopes. The phlox bug lives in the egg stage through winter on dead stems. All grow 2 ½ to 3 feet tall. Wild species and virtually all cultivars bloom in the cool color range, ranging from white to pink, rose, red, magenta, purple, and blue. The flowers are held in small clusters at the top of the stems, blooming from May near the coast to late June in the mountains, earlier than garden phlox. Phlox, a flowering plant in the Polemoniaceae family, is not dangerous to dogs or cats.This evergreen perennial isn't toxic, so even if your pet nibbles on the leaves or flowers, no harm should ensue. Natural reseeding can be desirable in natural or wild gardens. It is very tolerant of hot humid conditions. Woodland phlox is also taller than creeping phlox. The leaves of Nora Leigh offer a nice twist in that they are variegated. Propagate by division or root cutting in fall. Woodland phlox grows 12 to 15 inches tall in bloom, with the leaves forming a spreading mat. Purple Loosestrife. Leaves and stem: Leaves are 1 to 2 inches long and to ½ inch wide, toothless, tapering to a blunt or pointed tip, rounded at the base, and stalkless. A few cultivars are orange. It is native to the eastern and Midwestern US, including South Carolina, growing in deciduous woods and along woods edges. Always water at the base of plants to keep the air space around the foliage drier. Moss phlox is effective for erosion control on slopes once plants have closed together. Several hundred named varieties of different phlox species are grown. Mulch over the plants roots to help conserve soil moisture. Woodland phlox can be grown throughout South Carolina, in proper growing conditions. It comes true to type from seed. Flowers are fragrant and held in loose clusters. Woodland phlox is a fairly common sight in Wisconsin's woodlands and gardens, adding to the confusion over the species. ‘Coral Eyes’ has pastel pink flowers with bright coral pink eyes. Phlox are herbaceous plants most commonly known for making billowing mounds of scented flowers in summer borders. Bears clusters of pink-purple flowers about ½" across over a long period in late summer. Seed can be sown directly in late winter or very early spring, or seedlings can be grown until 6 to 8 weeks old and set out a few weeks before the last frost date. Its oval leaves and 6-10″ height make for a particularly pretty cover plant. ‘Bright Eyes’ has light pink flowers with bright pink eyes. ‘Candy Stripe’ is bicolored, with white edges along pink petals. Warm humid conditions favor powdery mildew growth and spread. Be sure to provide good air circulation. There are dozens of cultivars available of garden phlox and they vary widely in mildew resistance. Woodland phlox is also taller than creeping phlox. Consider investigating some creative landscaping ideas for more on this subject. Propagate by cuttings, or by separating out small plants that develop on rooted sections of runners. Removing spent flower heads will encourage longer bloom. Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed. Purple Giant Hyssop. Phlox (Moss) Pickerel Weed. The fragrant flowers may be magenta, pink, white, lavender, purple or blue, flowering from early to late summer. When purchasing native plants, be sure to buy plants that are nursery grown and propagated. Spotted phlox prefers moist, but well drained soils rich in organic matter, in full sun to part shade. Don't let the "pink" label fool you: This perennial does come in other colors. 2000 Georgia Gold Medal Winner. The wild species flowers are blue to mauve. ‘Delta Snow’ is also an excellent fragrant white flowered cultivar that has done particularly well in trials in Georgia. Although there are many types of native phlox, the two commonly sold commercially are Phlox subulata and Phlox paniculata. A mature specimen of Summer Phlox will have some leaves that easily exceed ½" in width, while the leaves of other Phlox spp. Plants may be found in cell packs in garden centers. ‘Appleblossom’ has soft pink flowers. If powdery mildew is spotted early, remove any affected or fallen leaves. Woodland phlox (Phlox divaricata): This shade loving species is also called wild sweet William or wild blue phlox. Since this perennial grows wild, you may not be as familiar with it as you are with the commonly cultivated types of phlox, but they do belong to the same genus. Dry, hot conditions may lead to spider mite infestation. Some species are most easily found at nurseries that specialize in native plants, and these sources may carry a number of species in addition to those listed below. Low growing phlox for shade include woodland phlox and creeping phlox. Because of this they have acquired a wide variety of common names, some of which they share with completely unrelated plants. They are susceptible to powdery mildew, which is more difficult to combat the hotter it gets outside. COVID-19 Extension Updates and Resources ... More Information », Factsheet | HGIC 1181 | Published: May 1, 2009 | Print. Phlox are highly attractive to butterflies. isolated phlox illustration element. The plant belongs to the Polemoniaceae family, as does Jacob's ladder. Carolina Phlox (Phlox carolina): Native to a wide area throughout the southeast, Carolina phlox is also native throughout South Carolina, growing in deciduous woods, forest edges and clearings, and along roadsides. Phlox subulata has needle-like leaves, some of which remain green throughout the winter. Pyrola. This phlox prefers well drained, average to moist soil, but will tolerate dry, clay or sandy soils. 2002 Perennial Plant of the Year. Flowers are sweetly scented and range in color from pink to purple, lavender or white depending on cultivar. Moss phlox is native to dry, rocky areas in the southeastern mountains. ‘Emerald Blue’ and ‘Emerald Pink’ are dense, compact growers, with lavender blue and bright pink flowers. Plantain. Purple phlox flowers with green leaves. Tall phlox include Carolina phlox, spotted phlox and garden phlox. It's easy to distinguish between these two types, as P. subulata stays short, while P. paniculata is a tall kind. Astoria series are very heat tolerant, with colors including white, pink, lavender, magenta and red. Phlox generally grow at a moderate to quick rate, depending on species, cultivar and growing conditions. The fungal disease produces a grayish white coating on the leaves. Be very careful! Woodland phlox rarely gets powdery mildew. Often grows wild along stream banks. Pitcherplant - Photo Credit: Sophie Seo. This is due to its flowers, which in addition to their beauty are very often confused for two species native to North America: woodland (or wild blue) phlox (Phlox divaricata) and garden (or fall) phlox (Phlox paniculata). Garden phlox (Phlox paniculata): This is by far the best known of the tall phloxes, very commonly grown in perennial borders. Stem cutting can be taken in early summer. Keep old flower heads pruned off to further encourage continued bloom. Wild Blue Phlox is rhizomatous and will spread slowly but steadily. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. It spreads quickly, but will not ever overwhelm other plants or become weedy. Edible parts: Leaves and flowers are edible raw, but the flavor is milder when cooked, and toxic compounds are removed via the cooking process. It has good mildew resistance. David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. Flowers vary in color from lavender to pink to white. Individual flowers are 1 to 1 ½ inches wide, in various shades of blue, violet, lavender, purple and white. Copyright © 2020 Clemson UniversityClemson Cooperative Extension | 103 Barre Hall Clemson, SC 29634864-986-4310 | Contact, College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences, Centipedegrass Yearly Maintenance Program. It is intolerant of drought and will need to be watered well during dry spells. Plant taxonomy designates woodland phlox, an herbaceous perennial, as Phlox divaricata. Starting at $3.60 USD. Purple Fringed Orchis. The half-hardy annual group are useful as bedding plants and for growing in containers. The leaves are evergreen, narrow, leathery and covered with fine hairs. It is taller than most woodland phlox, reaching 18 to 22 inches tall in bloom. It is also commonly referred to as Blue Phlox, Woodland Phlox, or … They are … Reseeding is common. Indeed, I list it as one of the top spring flowers. Hairy Phlox (Phlox amoena): This phlox is native to the southeastern US. Spotted phlox is best suited for growth in the Piedmont and mountains. Never use overhead irrigation from sprinklers or hand watering. watercolor background illustration set. The evergreen leaves are light green, and when the plant is not in bloom, form a low mat only 3 to 4 inches above the soil. Follow all recommendations in the Problems section above to reduce the chances for powdery mildew infection, beginning with selecting resistant cultivars. Phlox (/ ˈ f l ɒ k s /; Greek φλόξ "flame"; plural "phlox" or "phloxes", Greek φλόγες phlóges) is a genus of 67 species of perennial and annual plants in the family Polemoniaceae. It is often included in wildflower seed mixes. CAUTION: Do not collect native wildflowers from natural areas, as this can lead to their eradication in the wild. The wild species flowers are blue to mauve. Woodland phlox will go partly dormant in summer if the soil is too dry. Garden phlox prefers fertile, moist, well drained soil, in sun to some afternoon shade. It is more fragrant than most creeping phlox. Heat stress will usually cause the plants to die out by early summer, unless they are very heat tolerant cultivars. For this reason, knowing the botanical name will help ensure that you get the plant you want at nurseries. Others may take a little more searching to find, but are well worth the trouble. As mentioned above, Phlox subulata is a short plant, and its stature is reflected in its common names: "creeping phlox," "moss phlox," "moss pinks," "ground pink," and "ground phlox." Thin the number of stems in the spring to improve air movement through the plant in tall phlox. Flowers are lavender pink. Intensia series is a vigorous group bred for heat and humidity tolerance, with a variety of colors. While Carolina phlox is often said to be powdery mildew resistant; in trial plantings at NCSU, this has only been proven to be true of the straight wild species, which was highly resistant. ‘Natascha’ has large heads of star-like raspberry-pink flowers striped with white on 2 to 2 ½ foot tall stems. 2000 Georgia Gold Medal Winner. This can sometimes make definite identification to species difficult. Numerous species of phlox are grown, with height varying between 3 to 6 inches for moss phlox (Phlox subulata) to 5 feet tall for the taller varieties of garden phlox (P. paniculata). Avoid crowding and thin plants to 4 to 5 strong stems in spring. Blooming occurs in early to mid summer. In South Carolina, annual phlox is should be grown as a cool season annual. Leaves are 1 ½ to 2 inches long, semi-evergreen and narrow. Wedding phlox flowers are fragrant and pure white with gold stamens in the flower center. While morning sun encourages heavier bloom and denser growth, the plant will not withstand excessive sun. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to people of all ages, regardless of race, color, gender, religion, national origin, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital or family status and is an equal opportunity employer. The leaves will eventually turn brown, dry out and drop off. Shade will cause plants to thin out, and they will not tolerate excessive moisture. The leaves of Phlox subulata and tall phlox are so different from each other that one would be hard-pressed to identify them as related species in the absence of their flowers. The flower lobes are about as long as the tube with indented tips. Bloom time varies from early spring while daffodils are blooming to mid-to-late summer. In South Carolina it is found growing wild in the Piedmont and Midstate, into parts of the Sandhills. Individual flowers are 1 to 1 ½ inches wide, held in large terminal clusters 4 to 8 inches wide. Summer Phlox usually blooms later than other species in this genus, although its blooming period may overlap with Phlox glaberrima (Smooth Phlox… For best appearance, cut back hard after flowering. All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies. Polygala. ‘Dirgo Arbutus’ has lavender flowers with a darker eye. They are adapted to arid environments, especially in the western states. It is reputed to be mildew resistant, but trial results confirming this were unavailable. Woodland phlox, Phlox divaricata, is an eastern North American native increasingly offered as an ornamental to use in cultivated gardens for its attractive bluish flowers. Tall growing phlox should usually be divided at least every 3 years to prevent overcrowding. Light fertilization of young plants will encourage growth. The Two-Spotted Spider Mite (Tetranychus urticae) and the Phlox Plant Bug (Lopidea davisi) will both defoliate this plant. My passion is creating incredible flowers for beautiful weddings and for you and your guests to have an exquisite experience. Pink, purple or white in petal color, this variety is most commonly found in the wild. Keep plants growing strongly by providing the correct growing conditions for the particular phlox species. It grows best in the mountains and Piedmont. Wild Phlox Wild Phlox (Phlox longifolia) is a delightful low plant (about six inches high) with small gray green leaves, often in patches of pink that delight the eye.Dixie Rose, in her book "Utah's Intermountain Wildflowers", describes it as follows: "A gem of the family. But the creators of the "Volcano" series claim that their "Ruby" introduction is the answer for Southern gardeners. Phlox subulata has needle-like leaves, some of which remain green throughout the winter. Garden phlox is native to the east coast and midwest, growing in the mountains South Carolina. ‘Eva Cullum’ has medium pink flowers and deep pink eyes. Tolerance of sun, shade, heat, and soil varies by species. This perennial Phlox is quite rare in the wild, and it is a little challenging to grow. Flowers have five petals and are held in cluster above the foliage. If maintaining a particular color is important, self sown seedlings should be removed. Intensia phlox have rated well for heat tolerance in Georgia, Florida and Texas trials. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Phlox family (Polemoniaceae) Description:Thisperennial wildflower has fertile shoots about 1-1½' tall andinfertile shoots that are less than 1' tall. The native species may grow even taller in ideal growing conditions. This herbaceous perennial in the phlox family (Polemoniaceae) can be found growing in dappled shade in open woods, partially shaded meadows, and along stream banks from Quebec to Florida and west to Texas and the Rockies. Propagate by division. This is a Phlox for shade or partial shade and medium to drier soils. ‘Alpha’, ‘Omega’ and ‘Delta’ are a series often advertised as mildew resistant. While most phlox have green leaves, some have variegated foliage with creamy white or yellow margins. Primrose. As you can imagine, this makes it a valued plant among those looking for a continuous sequence of bloom. Poppy. Propagation is by division in fall or cuttings. Caution: Watch out, this edible wild plant, like other sorrel varieties, contains oxalic acid. Their stems are lightgreen to reddish brown, terete, and pubescent to glandular-hairy. There are other differences between the two (explained below), but the size is a good place to start. Leaves are lance shaped, 1 ½ to 4 inches in length. After first fall frost, cut plants to 2 inches above ground level and remove old stems and fallen leaves. Plants of the Phlox Family Members of the Phlox family are usually small plants with narrow, alternate or opposite leaves. It is fragrant and highly mildew resistant. Landscaping enthusiasts who live in hot climates have, consequently, felt cheated when it comes to growing perennial tall phloxes (although Phlox drummondii is an annual wildflower in Texas). It is very widely grown and garden plants have also escaped back into the wild. Flavor: Sour flavor thanks to its oxalic acid content. Avoid companies that sell wild collected plants. The perfect phlox for shady areas, Wild Blue Phlox blooms for nearly a month in late spring and early summer. floral botanical flower. Unfortunately, both types can be prone to diseases and pests that can discourage gardeners from growing the charming plants. This helps distinguish it from the similar creeping phlox (P. stolonifera), which has oval to rounded leaves. It is long blooming, and has good mildew resistance. Unfortunately, many of its cultivars are the most prone to powdery mildew, and cultivar selection is very important for success. For gardeners purposes, phlox can basically be divided into three groups of perennials – low growing sun lovers; low growing shade lovers; and tall, upright phlox that prefer sun or part shade. However, some afternoon shade will help the plant deal better with summer heat stress. Some species are so completely covered with flowers while in bloom that it is impossible to see any leaves. A trail leads through Phlox divaricata (Wild Blue Phlox) ... Delicate bouquet of small wild flowers poppy, white asters,purple periwinkle, pink Phlox and large leaves of liana on a black background Evening primrose (Oenothera spp) and wild phlox (Phlox spp. ‘John Fanick’ has light pink with a darker eye. If this document didn’t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at or 1-888-656-9988. ‘Loddon Grove Blue’ is often sold as ‘London Grove Blue’. Pairsof opposite leaves occur along these stems that … This shade loving phlox prefers moist, fertile, woodsy soil, with plenty of organic matter in part to full shade. If given the correct growing conditions, woodland phlox is an easy, low maintenance plant. Flowers are fragrant, 1 inch wide in white, red, magenta, lavender, or pink and usually have a lighter-colored “eye” in the center. Species vary considerably in their susceptibility. Phlox should never be crowded. Heat tolerant cultivars will slow or stop bloom in summer, but if given proper siting and care, may flower again in fall. Fragrant flowers are held in loose clusters 6 to 12 inches above ground in early spring. This plant can form large colonies as the weak stems flop over and root at the nodes. If spring is prime time for Phlox subulata, then the best time for tall phlox to shine is the summer: It's an old standby for the summer garden, a colorful contributor to your yard's beauty long after many other perennials have petered out. At least 6 hours of sun is needed for best flowering. wild spring leaf wildflower isolated. ‘Cabot Blue’ is the most common type, with lavender blue flowers. The leaves of Phlox subulata and tall phlox are so different from each other that one would be hard-pressed to identify them as related species in the absence of their flowers. Phlox. Powdery mildew can severely weaken susceptible phlox cultivars. The leaves of tall phlox are much larger and die back at the end of the growing season; they are narrow at both ends and flare out in the middle. This plant, also sometimes is ref… ‘Gypsy Love’ is shorter than most Carolina phlox, growing to 18 to 24 inches tall, with bright pink flowers. There is also one annual species. Join our mailing list to receive the latest updates from HGIC. Spotted phlox (Phlox maculata): Spotted phlox is also known as meadow phlox and wild sweet William, a common name it shares with some other phlox. The bloom season is short, but intense and highly valued as one of the earliest flowers. Poison Ivy. It is found growing wild throughout SC primarily in the central and coastal regions, often along roadsides. The leaves of tall phlox are much larger and die back at the end of the growing season; they are narrow at both ends and flare out in the middle. When at a loss for what to plant this year, turn to old-fashioned, dependable phlox. ‘Fuller’s White’ is an excellent white flowered cultivar. A few species take the form of shrubs or trees in other parts of the world. Not surprisingly, Phlox subulata functions primarily as a flowering ground cover. You'll often see this spring bloomer blanketing banks with its colorful flowers. Be sure to follow the cultural recommendations above under Problems to help avoid mildew. In early spring, from February on the coast to early April in the upper Piedmont and mountains, flowers cover the plants so completely that no leaves can be seen. Propagation is by cuttings. Prairie Smoke. However, because it is not heat tolerant, Drummond’s phlox does not usually grow well in southern gardens, except where winters are mild enough for it to be grown as a winter annual for spring bloom. It has not proved to be mildew resistant in the southeast. It can be distinguished from Carolina phlox by its thinner leaves and reddish spots or streaks along the stem. Carolina phlox will grow throughout the entire state. Although a tiny and attractive insect, the phlox bug nonetheless wreaks havoc on both wild and cultivated phlox, a plant prized for its showy flowers. At the end of the growing season cut back stems of deciduous species, and remove all fallen leaves. Because these conditions are typical of South Carolina weather, it is important to take steps to prevent or control the disease. It forms an excellent groundcover, spreading by aboveground runners (stolons), and does well growing between other shade loving plants and small bulbs. ‘Sherwood Purple’ is an excellent cultivar with deep mauve flowers. Similar Species: Other low growing, sun loving phlox species include sand phlox (P. bifida), trailing phlox (P. nivalis) and downy phlox (P. pilosa). It is an attractive variety, both from a distance and up close where the striped detail can be seen. Trim back lightly after spring flowering is complete for best appearance. Also, wild collected plants often do not survive transplanting. Upright stems, with slender leaves. Phlox stolonifera gets its name from its stolons, or runners, that make it a creeping phlox variety. The wild plant’s flowers are usually rose red, but in South Carolina, color can vary considerably because wild plants are escapees from gardens. Flowers vary greatly in color form dark magenta, to blue, light blue or white and are lightly fragrant. Phlox stolonifera, which also goes by the common names Creeping phlox and Moss phlox, is similar to P. subulata in name only. Wild plants usually are magenta to soft purple in bloom. Both creeping phlox and tall garden phlox are favorites in flower beds. Wild blue phlox is a native woodland phlox (though introduced to New England) with sticky-hairy leaves and delicate, fragrant, lavender flowers that attract hummingbirds and butterflies in April and May. They can be blue, violet, lavender, pink or white depending on cultivar. ‘Miss Lingard’ is listed above under Carolina phlox. It is a healthy, vigorous plant, but is not more fragrant than the species or other cultivars. It is typically a woodland species, so it likes some shade in the garden. They are found mostly in North America (one in Siberia) in diverse habitats from alpine tundra to open woodland and prairie. Closely related to Carolina phlox and garden phlox, these species sometimes cross naturally in wild. Plants are usually and easily grown from seed. ‘Alpha’ has lilac pink flowers; ‘Omega’ is very pale, almost white lavender with a pink eye. ‘Delta’ is light pink with a darker eye. Many of these species are also native to the southeast or South Carolina. Promote good air circulation by giving plants adequate space. This information is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement of brand names or registered trademarks by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, nor is any discrimination intended by the exclusion of products or manufacturers not named. It is similar to woodland phlox, but is lower growing with oval rather than narrow leaves. It typically covers lower leaves with a grayish-white, powdery fungal growth in spring or late summer, and gradually works its way upwards on the plant. Cut back to 1 to 2 inches above ground level after the first fall frost. Start by choosing species and cultivars that are known to have resistance to powdery mildew. If the disease continues to spread it may become necessary to spray with a fungicide.