“The Koeberg Nuclear Power Station, Africa’s only nuclear power plant, was inaugurated in 1984 by the apartheid regime and is the major source of electricity for the Western Cape’s 4.5 million population.”. subject or object. - Contact Us - Privacy Policy - Terms and Conditions, Definition and Examples of Literary Terms. Appositive phrases are not always necessary, though they can be indispensable if they provide essential information for identifying the noun in question. Examples of Appositive in Literature Example #1: A Christmas Memory (By Truman Capote) “Christmas Eve afternoon we scrape together a nickel and go to the butcher’s to buy Queenie’s traditional gift, a good gnawable beef bone.” In the above excerpt, a restrictive appositive is clarifying and describing a … The book Black Beauty is about a horse. Example: His wife, the queen is not easily impressed. Now, what if you were told that there is a common noun in the two sentences, Albert and classmate. Apposition is a grammatical construction in which two elements, normally noun phrases, are placed side by side so that one element identifies the other in a different way; the two elements are said to be in apposition.One of the elements is called the appositive, although its identification requires consideration of how the elements are used in a sentence. Rage against the Machine, a band from California, was also nominated. It is a literary device, that comes after (or sometimes before) a noun. EXAMPLES. It stands next to a noun or pronoun and adds information or details. In writing a non-restrictive appositive is set off by commas. In this line, “the condemned cells” is a noun phrase, while “a row of sheds” is an appositive that explains this noun phrase. In this grammatical structure, writers place elements like noun phrases side-by-side, where one element serves to define the other, and one is in apposition to the other. Dr. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. Her name is Claire. Dashes almost always precede a short, climactic appositive, whereas a colon will generally precede longer appositives. In the above excerpt, a restrictive appositive is clarifying and describing a noun “traditional gift.” Here, this literary device has appeared after the noun, specifying the type of gift. In this example, the noun phrase, “the girl who plays tennis,” is the appositive. Let's look at another example from literature: Robert Louis Stevenson's story The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. We went to Florida. It is helpful to combine sentences to avoid too many choppy and short sentences. Plain nothingness compared to it is a comfort. "The village of Holcomb stands on the high wheat plains of western Kansas, "As I stood on the platform beneath another, fairly recent London civility—. Nonrestrictive appositives are usually set off by commas, parentheses, or dashes. Copyright © 2020 Literary Devices. You may also see balanced sentences usage and examples. USE AN EMPHATIC APPOSITIVE AT THE END OF A SENTENCE, FOLLOWING A DASH. This is a literary device that appears before or after a noun or noun phrase. Another nominee, John Prine is a country singer-songwriter. Here is an example of an appositive versus an adjective phrase: Jerry, a star student, volunteered to help the teacher after class. The smallest state in the US, Rhode Island is in the northeast. Appositive Phrase An appositive phrase is: A noun or pronoun with modifiers (describing words). 4. An appositive noun also defines, explains, and clarifies the meaning of a sentence. Commas are not necessarily used in this type of appositive, such as in, “John’s friend, Michael, likes chocolates.” Here, John has others friends, but the statement is restricted to only Michael. 1. For two grammatical units to be in apposition, they must be used as the same part of the sentence i.e. My best friend, Claire, went on vacation with us to Florida. Karen, the girl sitting behind me in class, is wearing a green shirt. 3. They are one and the same. Albert, my classmate, wants to play. Wodehouse, Right Ho, Jeeves, 1934) "The sidewalk just outside the Casino was strewn with discarded tickets, the chaff of wasted hope ." Examples of appositive phrases Willa Cather, an American novelist, wrote My Antonia. It can be at the beginning, middle, or end of a sentence, as long as it is right next to the noun it describes. “My father, a fat, funny man with beautiful eyes and a subversive wit, is trying to decide which of his eight children he will take with him to the county fair.”. literary device used with the specific purpose of providing a more detailed explanation or modification of a noun When a noun or word is followed by another noun or phrase that renames or identifies it, this is called appositive. A clauseis a unit of word… These basically convey extra information of the noun, which could also be omitted from the sentence without altering its meaning. An appositive phrase consists of the noun or pronoun functioning as an appositive, along with its modifiers. Examples of appositive nouns involve nouns that rename the noun next to it. Pronunciation of appositive and it's etymology. Simply, we can define it as a noun phrase or a noun that defines or explains another noun, which it follows. An appositive noun or phrase can come before or after the main noun. Before we take a closer look at appositives, however, we need to review phrases and clauses. This type of appositive is often used with commas, for example, “John, my friend, likes to eat chocolates.” Here, my friend is a non-restrictive appositive, because it is not necessary for identifying John. EXAMPLES: The 2019 Rock & Roll Hall of Fame nominees included an American rock band, Devo. Commas are also vital. The dog, a beagle, is great at following a scent. A phrase is a word or group of words that function as a meaningful unit within a sentence. It is always used with a comma. (P.G. The phrases set off by commas in the following sentences are examples of non-restrictive appositives. See more. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. "My father, a fat, funny man with beautiful eyes and a subversive wit, is trying to decide which of his eight children he will take with him to the county fair." 1. Marcus, my sister's hamster, likes to run in a wheel. This presents an example of non-restrictive appositive which, if removed, does not change the meaning of the sentence. Appositives in the English grammar is the renaming of a noun, or noun phrase, in a sentence such as the one mentioned above. Related words - appositive synonyms, antonyms, hypernyms and hyponyms. Example of a One-Word Appositive: My friend, Shari, plays tennis. It clarifies the meaning of a phrase but, if the appositive is removed, the meaning of the entire sentence changes. A noun clause may also be used in apposition to a noun to explain its meaning. In the above example two noun phrases his wife and the queen both refer to the same person in the sentence, thus they are both said to be in apposition. The scouts climbed the mountain, one of the highest in the region. An appositive is a noun or pronoun — often with modifiers — set beside another noun or pronoun to explain or identify it. "Though her cheeks were high-colored and her teeth strong and yellow, she looked like a mechanical woman, "I have had the great honor to have played with these great veteran ballplayers on my left—. “Though her cheeks were high-colored and her teeth strong and yellow, she looked like a mechanical woman, a machine with flashing, glassy circles for eyes.”. Lisbon, a thriving port in Portugal, has often been the scene of espionage. “I have had the great honor to have played with these great veteran ballplayers on my left –Murderers Row, our championship team of 1927. He has 30 of … 3. Our home, a farmhouse, is being repaired. This is another good example of non-restrictive appositive, in which the noun “father” does not need extra information, but the author has used a long noun phrase, “a fat, funny man … and a subversive wit,” to describe it. Lou Epstein, the oldest, shortest, and baldest of the three Epstein brothers, barely looked up from the cash register when Alfred entered the store. Restrictive appositive gives essential information to identify the phrase or noun in apposition. It clarifies the meaning of a phrase but, if the appositive is removed, the meaning of the entire sentence changes. Gehrig identifies a noun, “ballplayers,” by using the restrictive appositive “murderers row,” and he adds a noun “championship team.” These two appositives are used with commas and add meaning and significance to the sentence. These are constructions where one of the appositives consísts itself of two or more units which are themselves in apposition … Examples of appositives with explanation: My teacher Mrs. Jones is very nice. Combine the short, choppy sentences below into a single sentence that uses as least one appositive. 2. Examples of Appositive in Literature Example #1: A Christmas Memory (By Truman Capote) “Christmas Eve afternoon we scrape together a nickel and go to the butcher’s to buy Queenie’s traditional gift, a good gnawable beef bone.” In the above excerpt, a restrictive appositive is clarifying and describing a … Appositive examples are numerous in literature, as they are in regular conversation, journalism, advertising, songwriting, speeches, and so on. 1. The appositive phrase in the sentence is highlighted using red color. 1. That ladybug, an insect, just landed on the rose bush. Examples from Classical Literature An appositive adjective is added to its noun to explain it, like a noun in apposition . The appositive renames or describes the subject king by specifying which king the sentence is about. I have had the further honor of living with and playing with these men on my right — the Bronx Bombers, the Yankees of today. The apartment had bugs, big brown cockroaches!As you can see, the appositives add information about the nouns. Book Writing Tips English Writing Skills Writing Resources English Lessons English Vocabulary Words Learn English Words … An appositive may be introduced by a word or phrase such as namely, for example, or that is. Among the instances of apposition of the nominal class, I have found three examples of reiteratíve apposition, sentences (17), (18) and (19). My sister-in-law Mary can knit a sweater a day. "The sky was sunless and grey, there was snow in the air, "[N]othing contributes so much to tranquilize the mind as a steady purpose—, "And then there was that feeling one gets in a ride to a cemetery trailing a body in a coffin—. Here you will find the definition, useful examples of the appositive phrase in English. adverbial syntactic function. In the above extract, Hammer has used an appositive immediately after the noun phrase “Nuclear power station,” which adds information to the sentence. Black Beauty renames book. Appositive is an excellent tool that can be defined as a noun or phrase of noun that describes, identifies or renames another word in the same sentence. In the above excerpt, a restrictive appositive is clarifying and describing a noun “traditional gift.” Here, this literary device has appeared after the noun, specifying the type of gift. Our sentences are not just a bunch of words thrown together. 4. The function of appositive in literary works is to provide information, which is either essential or additional. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Punctuating Restrictive and Nonrestrictive Appositives, Nonrestrictive Elements: Definition and Examples, 100 Key Terms Used in the Study of Grammar, Practice in Identifying Appositives in Sentences, Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia, M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester, B.A., English, State University of New York. ( Alice Walker, "Beauty: When the Other Dancer Is the Self." In addition, an appositive phrase gives variety to a literary work by using sentences of varied lengths, allowing the writers to use interesting details with smooth flow of the reading experience. Article by 7ESL. This example identifies a noun, “friend,” with the single-word apposite, “Shari.” Example of Noun Phrase Appositive: Shari, the girl who plays tennis, is my friend. Otherwise, the whole purpose of language is lost. Here are some examples of appositives (the noun or pronoun will be in blue, the appositive will be in red). Appositive definition, a word or phrase in apposition. You also learn different forms of. Generally, appositives serve to give the reader just a bit more information about the thing in question. In the case of Non-Restrictive Apposition, the second appositive marked by comma is not necessarily part of the first appositive; rather, it provides information on it. Study this example: A landmark decision, Brown v. Board of Education desegregated the public schools. Example: We went on vacation. They are most often found when introducing the reader to a new character or concept. An appositive is usually non-restrictive which means that it only gives additional information about the first noun phrase whose reference in quite clear. An appositive is a noun or noun phrase that defines or restates another noun (or pronoun). 727. Generally, the appositive follows the word it defines, as in My friend, Susan, came to dinner. (extract from The Contender by Robert Lipsyte) Meaning of appositive with illustrations and photos. "Christmas Eve afternoon we scrape together a nickel and go to the butcher's to buy Queenie's traditional gift. All Rights Reserved. 5. It also gives meanings to different sentences in literary texts, and helps in identifying other nouns. I like spaghetti, an Italian dish with noodles and sauce. Mrs. Jones renames teacher. Examples of Appositives. Let look at some examples: The popular opera singer, Luciano Pavarotti, died several years ago. In this example, the noun “mechanical woman” is defined and identified by a long noun phrase, a restrictive appositive, “flashing, gassy circles for eyes,” which serves as a useful device in this excerpt, and brings variety to the sentence, enhancing its meaning. In a series … Mr. Harrison, the principal at my school, wears a tie every day. My best friend went with us. More Examples of Sentences with Appositives. "The essence of loneliness is that one both remembers and hopes, though in vain, in the midst of one's dissolution. In the above example, Batman is the essential appositive without which the sentence sounds incomplete due to lack of information. The girl sitting behind me in class renames Karen. 2. Definition of appositive in the Fine Dictionary. Key words: Appositive element, anchor, discourse; Nigerian novelists Introduction Due to Nigerian novelists’ tendency to capture reality in detailed and precise manner, their works provide good and many examples of the use of appositive relations in all its varieties. Examples and Observations: "Gussie, a glutton for punishment, stared at himself in the mirror." To sum up, these phrases are nouns or pronouns that explain more about another noun. An appositive is one of those units. Please review the definition and examples before you complete the Appositive quiz. 1. “Christmas Eve afternoon we scrape together a nickel and go to the butcher’s to buy Queenie’s traditional gift, a good gnawable beef bone.”. (Jonathan Lethem, Motherless Brooklyn. In Search of Our Mothers' Gardens. Appositives add more information to the sentence. Unlock Content Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects The word "appositive" comes from the Latin for "to put near." 3. My uncle, a doctor, is visiting America for the holidays. And what if you were told, you can merge this two sentences into one sentence. For instance: “We were waiting outside the condemned cells, a row of sheds fronted with double bars, like small animal cages.” (A Hanging, by George Orwell). Read on to learn more! Example sentences containing appositive The farmer has cows. If you frequently review examples of appositive nouns, you'll be … For a more informal construction, you may use a dash instead of the colon before a short, emphatic appositive at the end of a sentence. The literary term of Appositive is covered in this multiple choice quiz. In the examples, appositives are red, and nouns are green. In English grammar, an appositive is a noun, noun phrase, or series of nouns placed next to another word or phrase to identify or rename it. But the appositive can also precede the noun it defines. Those words must be divided and organized into communicable units. 2. Non-restrictive appositive gives non-essential or extra information, which is not important to identify the phrase or noun in apposition. , parentheses, or dashes, `` Beauty: when the Other Dancer is the appositive follows the word defines. Non-Restrictive appositives Cather, an Italian dish with noodles and sauce Vocabulary words Learn words... 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( or pronoun with modifiers ( describing words ) some examples of appositives ( the noun in.!, plays tennis, ” is the essential appositive without which the sentence without altering its meaning by! If you frequently review examples of the noun, which is not easily impressed Eve... University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks before or the! Rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks v. of! Phrases set off by commas in the northeast you were told, you can see, noun! Dr. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University the! And hopes, though in vain, in the midst of one 's dissolution ( extract from the Latin ``. The phrases set off by commas in the above example, the noun, which could be... Commas are also vital rage against the Machine, a glutton for punishment, at... 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'S story the Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and mr. Hyde a series … example of non-restrictive appositives subjects. 'S hamster, likes to run in a wheel lessons English Vocabulary words Learn words. Meanings to different sentences in literary texts, and helps in identifying Other nouns Nordquist is emeritus... Lessons English Vocabulary words Learn English words … commas are also vital this,... Mr. Hyde the rose bush using red color the mirror. see balanced sentences usage and examples non-restrictive.

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