English was originally a Germanic language, related to Dutch and German, and it shares much of its grammar and basic vocabulary with those languages. The Oxford English Dictionary defines 615,100 words. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. That is only two volumes, though you need strong arms to lift them, Which countries do not have an official language? In Africa, the changes are noticed in countries like Uganda, Nigeria, and Congo. Various countries have various accents to the English language that creates many types. Who knows how Korean got to the top of the pile, but there is definitely some funny business involving the runner up: ‘agglutinative’ languages such as Finnish, in which words can be stuck together in long strings of indefinite length, and which therefore have an almost infinite number of ‘words’. Rather as China is to the rest of the world in population, English is in the population of its words. But, the number of words in the Oxford and Webster Dictionaries are not the same as the number of wor… Rype has a post on the 23 most common English idioms, which will help you continue to learn to … Modern English evolved from Early Modern English and had more words than the latter. A lot of the sounds in… An example is the German language, rich in compound words that are usually counted as a single term. When one takes to measuring dictionaries to determine the number of words in tongues, the Oxford English Dictionary would be the largest. Also, lexical counting is very difficult to do. Japanese is another heavily backed contender — boasting a mighty 500,00 words. Language, as described above, is species-specific to human beings. Think about how you speak your native language. Modern English was adopted in many regions of the world to the extent that it has now become one of the most spoken languages of the world. The following table contains the top 100 languages by estimated number of native speakers in the 2007 edition of the Swedish encyclopedia Nationalencyklopedin.As census methods in different countries vary to a considerable extent, and given that some countries do not record language in their censuses, any list of languages by native speakers, or total speakers, is effectively based on estimates. Although it is possible to count the number of entries in a dictionary, it is not possible to count the number of words in a language. Some languages like Chinese are considered non-alphabetic languages and are challenging to determine the number of words in such languages. Some words tend to inflect into different forms; for instance, the term “run” can be used as a noun and as a verb. (Chinese is famously ending-free). Usually somewhere between 10,000 and 15,000 words. Which Countries Recognize Sign Language As An Official Language? French for instance has less than 100,000 and German 200,000. Chinese, for example, is logographic (combining images) while German is alphabetic (combining letters). In English you would need at least double this lexicon to manage a leaflet designed for children. A “typical person” knows about 70,000 words. Better yet, learn the first 100 as soon as you can. Japan’s 128 million people comprise the language’s entire native speaker population, enough to make it the ninth most widely spoken language in the world. The reason for this is historical. Some languages inflect much less. So, whether we count inflected forms will have a huge influence on final counts. One crude yardstick is to count the number of headwords or entries in each language’s standard reference dictionary. Japanese words have … During those years, the common (non-royal) people spoke an older form of English, whil… Some words tend to inflect into different forms; for instance, the term “run” can be used as a noun and as a verb. The English language has many varieties depending on the accent used in the literature. Famously the Alaskan language, Yupik, uses one word, Tuntussuqatarniksaitengqiggtuq, where English requires twelve: He hadn’t yet said again that he was going to hunt reindeer. They are all in a race to have more and more meanings. Which language has the most words for snow? It's popular to say that English has the most words based upon simply counting the number of dictionary lemmas. It is generally recognised that of the 6,912 languages and dialects English has the most words. Which language has the most words? They claim that Scots has 421 words for snow. You may not even recognize many of the uses of the words. The Second Edition of the 20-volume Oxford English Dictionary contains full entries for 171,476 words in current use (and 47,156 obsolete words). Agglutinative languages such as Finnish most certainly have more words and more readily create new words to adapt to changing time by fusing existing words creating an almost infinite number of combination. This is a list of dictionaries considered authoritative or complete by … Over the years, the English language has adopted words from other languages, and this has made it an international language. The core problem is philosophical as much as linguistic: how do you define a word? Does that make Spanish richer in word count? the reason is English and words of most of the language around the world are formed by putting letters together and a word can have many variation while Chinese words is not. For example, is the Ge… The term for these linguistic fun and (word) games is morphology — a topic popular with the scrabble-master and pointy-headed communities. Even as new ones are added, older ones fall out of favor. Unfortunately morphology — with its endless ‘you can’t compare this language with that one’ objections — is no help in establishing an agreed and reasonably objective measuring stick. Compound words are made of two or more words which sound like one, and therefore it can be counted as one or two words. Winchester thinks this … Other members of the animal kingdom have the ability to communicate, through vocal noises or by other means, but the most important single feature characterizing human language (that is, every individual language), against every known mode of animal communication, is its infinite productivity and creativity. The Germanic family languages share much of their grammar and essential vocabulary. However, the word put later outpaced it, and run eventually overtook them both as the English language's most complex word. English is a delectable, slow-cooked language of languages. That’s a lot, right?! Sanskrit basically consists of 40% Greek words + 40% Tamil words + 10% loan words from other languages + 10% newly coined words. English is used as the official language in many countries that have other indigenous languages. source. There is confusion on whether words like “run” that have different uses and forms should be counted as one word or multiple words. Latin and Polish, for example, are highly inflected while non-alphabetic languages — like Chinese and Arabic — have (arguably) no inflections in written form. There is no certain answer to this because we often define ‘language’ and ‘word’ in different ways. What language has the most words? English accommodates foreign words… it has become an international language {absorbing} vocabulary from a large number of other sources. Clearly a crude headword count is not sufficient in itself to establish the size of a lexicon. There are at least 10 words with hundreds of definitions each, like "go" and "put." This decision is not the same as determining whether the word exists. Some languages have multiple inflections or variants of a word: have, had, having etc. German is obvious; it is a trifle to coin a new compound word for a new situation. It has been mentioned that English as a language does no longer truthfully exist. The English language has one of the largest vocabularies of all the languages of the world. Others become obsolete — Groak, anyone ? In fact, from the 9th century until the 14th century, a form of French was even the “official” language in the courts of England! There are around 130,000 words in French. The Greeks and Romans made a solid start in science and medicine. Webster's Third New International Dictionary, Unabridged, together with its 1993 Addenda Section, includes some 470,000 entries. Chinese has about just 60,000 words. Which countries do not have an official language? Surely the lexical equivalent of taking performance enhancing drugs? [English] certainly has the largest vocabulary... by a long, long, long long, way. Or is that thirteen, as some would count contractions like hadn’t as two word? Register Now. Now English is in the box seat as the de facto global language. I can think of many uses for that one. Which language has the most words? We have good news for you if you’re learning French or any other foreign language: 1. Username * E-Mail * Password * Confirm Password * Profile Picture. As lexicographer Kory Stamper explains, “English has been borrowing words from other languages since its infancy.” As many as 350 other languages are represented and their linguistic … English is considered the language with the most words. It seems that English is the language with the most words, with a total number of words estimated between 500 thousand and 1.2 million. English has the largest lexicon (number of words) of any European language. There is a Shorter Oxford English Dictionary. Modern English is considered to be in the works of William Shakespeare and also in the King James Version Bible. About the English Language Teaching Pack (£1.99 * English: Global Language (free). What I Learned From Writing 200 Blog Posts, Here Are a Few Foolproof Ways to Become a Better Storyteller, Nobody Is Going to Teach You How to Write, Words Matter, The Importance of Proofreading, My Gonzo Night at Hunter S. Thompson’s Cabin — Now on Airbnb, Learning to Write Horror From Edgar Allan Poe. it's constructed from the languages of the historic tribes of the discipline and the ones of invaders such because the exclusive norse and norman businesses as good as phrases taken from eu households that had been married with. According to this extensively researched dictionary comparison, Korean and Finnish take gold and silver. In the Romance languages below, the word for 'mother' is a cognate in all the six contemporary languages considered, however the word for 'father' is a cognate only in four of the five: in Rumanian, the original word inherited from Latin pater has been replaced by a completely different word, tata. English was majorly influenced by Norman French and Latin, with English borrowing many words from these languages. Some ‘ghost words’ never make it out of the dictionary — having originally got there through misprint or mishearing. In the spoken form, however, it is a family of languages or dialects. According to researchers at the University of Glasgow, the winner is….Scots! Shakespeare invented 1,700 English words or at least first recorded their use. Linguists tend to avoid answering this question because what constitutes a "word" is difficult to pin down, and any precise definition of a word would probably unfairly exclude other languages. Europe has historically been Silicon Valley of the word generation market. The British Empire helped in spreading the English language around the world using its colonies by the late 18th century. But don’t get discouraged! That still amounts to a whole lot, though! … Modern English evolved from the Germanic language family, which also relates to Dutch and German, among other languages. English is considered the language with the most words. Plus there entrant (RedBox) merges specialist and technical y dictionaries? Accordingly, the 23 volumes of The Oxford English Dictionary takes up more shelf space than their French, Italian, Spanish and Russian rivals combined. Modern English evolved from the Germanic language family, which also relates to Dutch and German, among other languages. My favorite is ignoranus, for a person who is both ignorant and an asshole. Some of the variants are American and British English, which are the most common. Meaningful word count comparisons are difficult if not impossible between languages using different writing systems. Some languages inflect much more than English. Of course languages like Chinese are incommensurable to a degree since the word structure is different. English has the largest lexicon (number of words) of any European language. 2. The most useful, however, are appropriated by other languages. The reason why you want to focus on the most common English words is because we rarely use all the words we have in our toolbelt. An article denotes whether a noun is specific or unspecific. Which Country's National Anthem Has No Words? In compiling a dictionary, a lexicographer decides whether the evidence of use is sufficient to justify an entry in the dictionary. • Burushaski: masculine, feminine, animals/countable nouns and inanimates/uncountable nouns/abstracts/fluids Njerep (Nigeria) Nigeria is one of Africa's most ethnically diverse countries, which makes perfect … No language is an island and there is an extensive world trade in words a phrases. Other variations include Indian English, Canadian, and Australian English. English is also very ready to accommodate foreign words, and as it has become an international language, it has absorbed vocabulary from a large number of other sources. Other variations include Indian English, Canadian, and Australian English. They handed baton to the French bossed the planet in diplomacy (ambassador, detente, charge d’affair) and cuisine. The most idiosyncratic and wordiest of languages acquires and sheds words with stunning speed For the most part, the column is an innocuous discussion of words that have recently entered the language. These varieties are named according to the country where it is prevalent. By Benjamin Elisha Sawe on March 25 2020 in World Facts. Moreover, many languages habitually build long words from short ones. * What is Globish? Yet half of these are in Kanji (Chinese characters) — with around 1200 Kanji words you could manage a newspaper. To learn Arabic, you have to learn a new alphabet, and get used to reading from right to left. However, it seems quite probable that English has more words than most comparable world languages. One of the problems with counting words is intonation. Then there is the number of words you need to convey an agreed meaning. Native speakers actively use only a fraction of these wordswhen they speak. It is thought that the English language has the most words than any other language in the world, although it is not easy to determine. Over the years, the English language has adopted words from other languages, and this has made it an international langua… First Name * Last Name * Display name * * What is the ‘language instinct? First, let’s look at how many words are in the Dictionary. The Germanic family languages share much of their grammar and essential vocabulary. Chinese, for example, is a single language in terms of its written form. One of the methods that have been used to determine the language with the most words is by the use of the size of dictionaries, which works for the main European languages. We always answer: learn the most common English words. There are three articles in English, and they are some of the most frequently used words: 1. the 2. a 3. an English was majorly influenced by Norman French and Latin, with English borrowing many words from these languages. Each language influenced the other two languages in some ways, but one of the biggest influences on English was French. They house an astonishing 615,000 words or thereabouts. In some ways, English, French and German are almost like three brothers and sisters that grew up together. Defining a word has proved a challenge as many people have different views on what constitutes a word. In some languages, long words are built from short words, for instance, the German language. The Oxford English Dictionary contains more than 600,000 words. Select file Browse. Varieties like the Indian and Ugandan English have developed strong local flavor, with the Indian English sounding undistinguishable to native English speakers. Yet English remains dominant perhaps not in the number of words, but in the reach and power of the language. Most dictionaries also tend to exclude words after they fall out of common usage, consolidating only the most common words. The Spanish verb has dozens of forms—estoy, estás, está, “I am,” “you are,” “he is” and so on. Or they can be evolve into a new form ambuscade has been rebranded by the snappier ambush. That said, it is important to understand the difference between “passive knowledge” and “active … Consequently, English has a much larger vocabulary than either the Germanic languages or the members of the Romance language family to which French belongs. Though the English language has many quirks, one of its most interesting is homographs: words that are spelled identically but have different meanings or definitions. Over the years, the English language has adopted words from other languages, and this has made it an international language. Because US slang can be different from UK slang, you’ll want to make sure to learn the English slang words of the people you’ll have contact with the most. 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