Here an epic naval rescue operation unfold, in which the French navy takes an active part, losing many destroyers. Many recognized the value of this navy that events betrayed in the most tragic and ironic fashion. They would have been good steamers with a much better autonomy, their turbines being fed by three Indret boilers for a rated power of 30,800 hp for 33 knots. This risky operation failed, as the fleet, long prepared, effectively true to its word, scuttled totally. In the Mediterranean, the Regia Marina was still neutral (until june 1940), but under surveillance. In June 1940, the humiliating armistice of Rethondes is signed. France in this field was a pioneer, setting the example with Laubeuf’s Narval, the first modern “submersible torpedo boat” (while other designs emphasised underwater performances and were often overly complex). wow what-if battleship Alsace, as she should have been completed in 1945. French Destroyer Frondeur of the L’Adroit-class – Official U.S. Navy photo NH 55990 from the U.S. Navy Naval History and Heritage Command. (cc). With their breakneck speed and powerful armament, the Fantasque and Mogador easily outclassed any other destroyers in the Mediterranean and were a match for Italian light cruisers. List is in alphabetical order by manufacturer or designer. But it was not until 1943 that these numbers were efficiently involved in the operations, in Italy and Normandy, and even in the Far East. Pages in category "World War II French fighter aircraft" The following 19 pages are in this category, out of 19 total. The Mediterranean was the main front for “La Royale”, loosing ships to U-boats and mines, especially in the Dardanelles. In this new role, she served until 1976 (see the cold war section). These ships completed the Dunkerque class. https://www.ffaa.net/ https://www.batailles-1939-1940.historyboard.net https://www.meretmarine.com/fr/content/histoire-la-flotte-francaise-en-1939 www.flottille9f.net French warships colorized photo 3dhistory.de French BB blueprints More: //commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Scuttling_of_the_French_fleet_in_Toulon, Argentinian Navy Brazilian Navy Armada de Chile Chinese Navy Danish Navy Finnish Navy French Navy Hellenic Navy Royal Indian navy Italian Navy Imperial Japanese Navy German Navy Polish Navy Romanian Navy Sovietskaya Flota Spanish Armada Swedish Navy Dutch Navy Royal Canadian Navy Royal Navy RNZN Sjøforsvaret Thai Navy Turkish Navy US Navy Royal Yugoslav Navy Minor Navies. But it was not until 1927, after the reconversion and the completion of the Béarn, that the French navy acquired its first aircraft carrier. It should be noted also that so close guns would also meant more shells dispersion and a lucky hit could disable half the artillery (individual cannons protections were added on the Richelieu). Total, 32 heavy destroyers and 38 standard destroyers, showing the the “leaders” first intended were as much important numerically. The future flag ship of the Marine Nationale is intended to replace the existing "Charles de Gaulle" around 2038. This class was to be followed by the Gascoigne. It was therefore there that was defined the controversial and difficult operation “Catapult” which repercussions were considerable for the fate of former comrades in arms. In 1918, the French fleet had two hundred light units in service, but in 1940 only the small Aviso Quentin Roosevelt, Dubourdieu, Ailette, 11 of the Amiens class and 3 of the Marne class remained in service. 17 more, (CH1-CH5) were operational in June 1940, and four others under construction. AVIATION / AEROSPACE. As a result, the new class, to be named Saint Louis (after a famous French medieval King) and was to include four ships, of a completely different standard. They would have been lighter equivalents of the latter US heavy cruisers of the Baltimore class. The De Grasse class kept their square stern but were larger at 176 meters long for 18 meters wide, displacing 9900 tons fully loaded. In addition, the Allies supplied 15 Minesweepers, torpedo boats of the Fairmile A and Fairmile B models (17 units), 32 other ASW boats, 5 Elco type torpedo boats, and between March and November 1944, 32 US sub-chasers of the “PC” type, And 52 of the “SC” type, most operating in the Mediterranean. They also had larger dimensions (252 meters overall versus 248) for a tonnage reaching 51,000 tons fully loaded. She was slow, especially given the standards of the thirties, at least ten knot slower than the slowest French cruiser. With perhaps 35,000 tons including ASW bulkheads, 200+ m with a new prow, and no less than 16 x 340 mm guns, they would have largely surpassed their Italian counterparts indeed or constitute a very serious threat against 380 mm armed British Resolution and Queen Elisabeth battleships in Vichy hands. 1/300th Naval range. The city is burnt to the ground by waves of Goering’s bombers, but the Luftwaffe fails to kill the gathering troops on the beaches, and in the matter of less than a week, most of the British Expeditionary Force and thousands of French soldiers are successfully repatriated in Great Britain. Patrols in the Atlantic were multiplying in order to track U-Bootes and the Pocket Battleships that has been deployed there. This was also true for battleships like the Dunkerque, which were little more than glorified battlecruisers. This led to a construction programme which was closely matched, almost on a ship-to-ship basis, by the Italian navy. (cc). Modern Weapons. The empire was left with the Royal Navy and RAF to fend off Hitler’s next move. Six were launched and Taken over by the Italians who hoped to finish them and return them to service after their capture and transfer by the Germans. However the 3 of July, came the ultimatum of Mers el-Kebir, which ends with the shelling of a largely unprepared fleet. Their parsons turbines were coupled with 6 Indret supercharged oil-fired boilers to give them 130,000 hp for a top speed of 34 knots. The navy as considerably augmented after WW2 with transfers from the US Navy, notably Tacoma class frigates and APD class fast personnel transports. Béarn started active service in 1928-29, testing airplane handling, take off and landings, and training a generation of airmen. The rank insignia of the French Navy (French: Marine Nationale) are worn on shoulder straps of shirts and white jackets, and on sleeves for navy jackets and mantels.Until 2005, only commissioned officers had an anchor on their insignia, but enlisted personnel are now receiving them as well. A French Navy Avro Lancaster. Morze, nr.6/1936 Public Domain (cc). Author’s resconstruction of the Alsace class. But even in that case many French workers sabotaged this process at any level, considerably slowing it down, until these ships were operational. Their short career was active, especially between September 1939 and June 1940 when they hunted the German Graf Spee, but sadly ended in November 1943 in Toulon. Cruiser submarine surcouf with a dark Prussian blue livery (1925). The main artillery remained the same with eight 15-in/380mm (2×4), twelve of 6-in/152mm (3×3), sixteen 4 in/100mm (8×2) six twin 37mm, six quadruple 13.2 mm AA. Aircraft History Cards. In addition to the Richelieu-class BBs, two other sister-ships were planned for the next naval section, following B3 specification of 1938. Second generation of warship bearing this name, the “Jeanne” as she was nicknamed was a new light cruiser specifically designed for this purpose, with sufficient accommodations in its layout for many cadets: 156 student-sailors and 20 officer-instructors. The force is under the command of a flag officer officially named Admiral of Naval Aviation (ALAVIA) with his headquarters at Toulonnaval base. Second, what if the second world war has erupted two years later, in 1941. Churchill was found in a delicate situation: Having recovered most of the men engaged in the expeditionary force, the small, professional British Army had lost all its material on the beaches, roads and city of Dunkirk. ONI203 booklet Nov 1942 (cc). BD-2 In 1942, eight former Army A-20Bs were diverted to the United States Navy for use as high-speed target tugs. This was criticized, as woefully insufficient to deal with the Empire. As a result, France being a signatory nation, was found relegated on the same rank as the Italian Navy, at 175,000 tons (The US Navy and Royal Navy were allocated 525 000 tonnes, Japan 315 000 tonnes). Euronaval 2018, the Minister of the Armed Forces, Florence Parly, kicked off the study phase for the French Navy’s future aircraft carrier, which would succeed to the Charles de Gaulle in the 2030ies / early 2040ies time frame. Technically, they were true sister-ships, the only significant difference being their second quadruple turret relocated aft, to enable retreat fire, while the secondary artillery was relocated forward. The Cdt Teste was proceeding of an old concept of air reconnaissance that was stuck in ww1 naval tactics and of little use in ww2. Shipyards had to be reequipped after 1918, resume construction of the ships started before the war (like the interesting Bearn and Lion class battleships) but there were other priorities ahead, and the funds were not allocated yet. Crucially also, the 5 older battleships featured by “La Royale” were never modernized as they should. The list is not complete and includes obsolete aircraft used for training as well as prototype and pre-production aircraft. Battleship Normandie if rebuilt in the 1930s (WoW screenshots). ASW was limited, relying on ww1-era light ships. By 1918, several U-boats has been obtained as war damage, and carefully studied, influencing some designs. In 1922, the naval race ongoing at the end of 1918 was put to a complete halt. The most active were the three later ships of the Bretagne (Brittany) class (Bretagne, Provence, Lorraine, 1913). Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives. In May 1940, the “phoney war” ended with the German invasion. This two-seat plane measured 25’3 in length with a 38’9″ wingspan, and was powered by a Hitachi Ha-13 engine (the same as the “Hickory” transports). But this was also the last heavy cruiser class as France was signatory to the 1930 London treaty, limiting the tonnage of 8-in armed cruisers; The intended new class was planned to replace the Duquesne class crusiers, voted in 1939 after the 1936 second London treaty’s accomodations. Europe needed reconstruction, and in general there was a will of de-militarizing society, also shown by the creation of the League of Nations, pet project of President Wilson. They were part of the wave of so-called “super-destroyers”, more than leaders, light cruisers in reduction. French super-destroyer Le Triomphant, as repainted in 1940 by the Free French Navy. It seemed the naval command settled on the nine 380 mm design in three triple turrets, a rather standard configuration at that time. COMPARE. Propulson-wide they had four propellers and parsons turbines fed by four supercharged oile-fired indret boilers for a total output of 110,000 hp and 33 knots. The device was known but there was no effort at any rate to try to develop this technology. French ships were found either sunk, fighting the allies, or scuttled. Before the war, Le Hardi class destroyers were under construction, 12 units of which only one (Le hardi) began tests in September 1939. The fleet included the gunnery training vessel Condorcet (a venerable 1909 battleship partly rebuilt), and 5 colonial and riverine gunboats for service in China (Yang-Tsé) and Indochina (Mekong) with the two Argus, Francis Garnier, Tourane. Construction was approved in April 1940, but their was never started or approved, cut short by the events of May 1940. Aurore class submarine – Blueprint – From Plans Marine Nationale. MEDITERRANEAN SEA (June 4, 2010) A French navy maintenance team, assigned to Rafale squadron 12F, conducts an engine swap-out aboard the Nimitz-class aircraft carrier USS Harry S. Truman (CVN 75) as part of interoperability operations with the French navy. After a bombardment started at 17:54, battleship Bretagne exploded and sank with all hands, Provence, Dunkerque and the destroyer Mogador were badly damaged and run aground by their crews. Background Information. The replacement of the Duguay-Trouin class, dating from the 1920s, had been considered since 1936. The camouflage is experimental. Many had understood that the former role held by traditional torpedo boats was now taken by these nimbler and much cheaper MBTs. In 1914-18 French submersibles has been very active, with some success. The Lyon class in particular, would have been game changers in the Mediterranean if completed, and IF modernized the proper way. Exec Time: 0.111093 Seconds Memory Usage: 1.976273 Megabytes Shopping Cart SoftwareShopping Cart Software ), all intended for the Mediterranean. She was a “seaplane carrier”, quite capable of operating torpedo bombers and reconnaissance seaplanes for the fleet, including the fast Laté 298 torpedo floatplane. 1. Its only rival in the Mediterranean was the Regia Marina (Italian Navy) and its other potential rival, the Kriegsmarine (far behind in terms of tonnage) was dealt by the Royal Navy. (9 November 1942). Their successors, the De Grasse, were to have a tower like the St Louis. Like Great Britain and Germany, the French Navy evaluated in a positive way the concept of submarine cruiser as a raiding asset against commerce. The Desaix were larger and heavier (3,000 tons standard, 3,900 to 4,100 fully loaded, 139 m long overall by 13 m). In the case of destroyers, France like Great Britain, Japan and the USA developed “standard” types and “squadron leaders”, or heavy destroyers. Author’s illustration. It had a top speed of 188 kts. On 2 july, British troops seized during the night a French battleship, destroyers, torpedo boats, minor units, and submersible Surcouf in Plymouth, Portsmouth and Rosyth. There are two what-if French Navy scenarios to consider. This ship was indeed equipped with two heavy cruiser cannons, 12 torpedo tubes With a comfortable supply, two 37mm AA guns and two 13.2mm double machine guns for close AA defence (impressive by 1925 standards), and featured a hangar and catapult for a reconnaissance floatplane. Aircraft Carrier Bearn – Src naweaps.com (cc). French destroyers had limited ASW grenades, but no dedicated lighter ships, like frigates. The wole operation was above all Churchill’s means of proving to all his implacable resolve to continue the war, whatever the price to pay…. The three later ships of the French Navy but there was room for improvement combined German tactics the! 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