Nevertheless, the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG) classification (1998) still considered these three separate families within Asparagales. [2] was accompanied by a listing of accepted subfamily and tribal names, since the change in rank from family to subfamily necessitated a revision of other lower ranks, as follows:[64]. According to Meerow and Snijman (1998), Amaryllidaceae is about 800 species in 59 genera. These relationships are summarised in the following cladogram: Publication of the third version of the APG classification and acceptance of Amaryllidaceae s.l. From $ 11.99 - $ 36.99. This uncertainty of circumscription reflected a wider problem with the petaloid monocots in general. Amaryllidaceae, F.N. Narcisse des poètes (Narcissus poeticus) cultivé 5. Most species have dense clusters of red flowers and broad, blunt leaves that are grouped at the base of the plant. Cette famille comprend de nombreuses plantes ornementales comme l'amaryllis. . Les Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllidacées) forment une famille de plantes monocotylédones appartenant à l'ordre des Asparagales. [72], The Eurasian clade was also further resolved (for historical treatment, see Table I Meerow et al. [78], Amaryllidaceae are a cosmopolitan family, whose distribution is pantropical to subtropical, but infrafamilial relationships are related to geographical considerations. This kept the Liliaceae[27] separate from the Amaryllidaceae[28] (Narcissales Alliance). Amaryllis belladonna 2. [41] Bentham and Hooker's scheme was the last major classification using the natural approach.[42]. Amaryllidacées, Amarylladacées, Amaryllidées. 2006) into four tribes, Pancratieae, Narcisseae, Galantheae and Lycorideae. Region: Central Africa. Amaryllidaceae belong to Class: Angiospermae: Monocotyledonae : Order: Asparagales Southern Africa has 210 endemic Amaryllidaceae species. Select; Size. 55–57, Names of families and subfamilies, tribes and subtribes p. 18.2, Esquisse. He doubted Brown's dictum that the position of the ovary was the distinguishing feature that separated Amaryllidaceae and Liliaceae. In Dahlgren's system, a "splitter" who favoured larger numbers of smaller families, he adopted a narrower circumscription than Traub, using only the latter's Amaryllidoideae which he treated as eight tribes. Since they treated Allioideae as family Alliaceae, these were subfamilies Allioideae, Tulbaghioideae, and Gilliesioideae. The name Amaryllis had been applied to a number of plants over the course of history. Selon NCBI (16 avr. and Amaryllidées Brown as two quite separate families. [35], The number of known genera within these families continued to grow, and by the time of the Bentham and Hooker classification (1883), the Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllideae) were divided into four tribes, of which only one (Amarylleae) is still included. Amaryllidaceae, amaryllis family of perennial herbs in the flowering plant order Asparagales, containing 73 genera and at least 1,600 species, distributed primarily in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Part II. To distinguish this broader family from the older, narrower family, it has become customary to refer to Amaryllidaceae sensu APG, or as used by APG, Amaryllidaceae s.l.. as opposed to Amaryllidaceae s.s..[2][64], This phylogenetic tree (cladogram) shows the placement of Amaryllidaceae s.l. Le nom vient du genre Amaryllis du grec Ἀμαρυλλίς signifiant "brillante", qui est le nom d'un personnage des Bucoliques de Virgile (-70 -19 av. The Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (2013 onwards) lists 73 genera and 1605 species, while The Plant List (2013) gives 80 genera and 2,258 species. A Classification of the Amaryllidaceae Alkaloids. [48] A somewhat similar approach to Liliiflorae[45] was adopted by Wettstein (without suborders or tribes), and with Alliodeae (Allium) and Lilioideae (Ornithogalum) as subfamilies of Liliaceae. English Articles. In this respect, they were following Hutchinson's system (see above). Allieae (Conspectus) pp. What Our Customers Are Saying. While of the four tribes of the Amaryllidaceae, the Amaryllideae and Narcissea would remain as core amaryllids while the Agaveae would be part of Asparagaceae, but the Alstroemeriae would become a family within the Liliales. The family takes its name from the genus Amaryllis.. Les Amaryllidacées sont distribuée… Dried specimens and living specimens from the fields were examined. A proposal to super-conserve the name Amaryllidaceae has been submitted to the nomenclatural committee of the International Association for Plant Taxonomy. They have analgesic, antiviral, anti-malarial, antineoplastic properties and display effects on the CNS. [36] The Liliaceae[37] were becoming one of the largest families, and Bentham and Hooker divided it into 20 tribes, of which one was the Allieae,[38] which as Allioideae would eventually become part of Amaryllidaceae as two of its three subfamilies. DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00999.x Reference page. ... Taki et al. Amaryllidaceae is well-marked by its showy lily-like epigynous flowers as in common onion. Within the grouping, he separated families by the characteristics of their fruit and seed. Provided by: .e-Flora of South Africa; Source: [. the traditional Liliaceae, Amaryllidaceae, Dioscoreaceae, etc., and redefined each taxon to subdivide the orders and families. Of the other two subfamilies, Allioideae was resolved into three subdivisions by the initial phylogenetic studies of Fay and Chase (1996). noun snowdrop; narcissus; daffodil; in some classification systems considered a subfamily of the Liliaceae • Syn: ↑family Amaryllidaceae, ↑amaryllis family • Hypernyms: ↑liliid monocot family • Member Holonyms: ↑Liliales, ↑ Rank: Genus. Amaryllidaceae. to include the three sister families (Agapanthaceae, Alliaceae sensu stricto, s.s., and Amaryllidaceae), since together they form a monophyletic group. De plus, Amaryllis est un genre dont la classification est encore débattue par les botanistes et tend à se réduire à un petit … The early 20th century was marked by increasing doubts about the placement of the alliaceous genera within Liliaceae. A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae, Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161(2): 132–136. Cultivar d'Hippeastrum, l'« Amaryllis » des fleuristes, Trompette de Méduse (Narcissus bulbocodium) cultivée, Narcisse des poètes (Narcissus poeticus) cultivé, Oreille d'éléphant (Haemanthus albiflos) cultivé. The Amaryllis family - herbaceous, perennial and bulbous flowering plants included in the monocot order Asparagales. Les Bucoliques. 1 49.399 48.165 50.588 Asparagaceae 2 49.399 48.165 50.588 Amaryllidaceae 3 41.932 34.549 47.605 Allium 4 22.184 15.232 34.812 Allium (Line 1) 5 19.655 13.491 31.145 Allium (Line 2–Line 3) 6 54.225 50.408 60.443 Asphodelaceae 7 62.724 58.043 67.976 Iridaceae 8 74.633 70.766 78.327 Lindley placed the Liliaceae within the Liliales, but saw it as a paraphyletic ("catch-all") family, being all Liliales not included in the other orders, but hoped that the future would reveal some characteristic that would group them better. [10], In its second iteration (2003), the APG proposed simplifying the higher (core) Asparagales by reducing them to two more broadly circumscribed families, and provisionally proposed the name Alliaceae sensu lato (s.l.) The most recent APG classification, APG III, takes a broad view of the Amaryllidaceae, which then has three subfamilies, one of which is Amaryllidoideae, and the others are Allioideae and Agapanthoideae. Other elements are Eurasian and American, including an Andean subclade without necessarily following strictly tribal delimitations. [71] Hutchinson was an early proponent of the larger Amaryllidaceae, transferring taxa from Liliaceae and had three tribes, Agapantheae, Allieae and Gilliesieae. Find Info For. Allyl sulfide compounds produce the characteristic odour of the onion subfamily (Allioideae). The subfamily consists of about seventy genera, with over eight hundred species, … La classification phylogénétique APG III (2009) inclut dans cette famille les genres précédemment placés dans les familles Agapanthaceae, Alliaceae, notamment les genres Agapanthus et Galanthus. Govaerts, R. et al. within the order Asparagales. (Wikipedia) Scientific name: Agapanthus. Elgorashi et al. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 1. Oreille … Griffineae is recognised as a distinct tribe within the Hippeastroid clade, and Stenomesseae is recognised as polyphyletic with two distinct types based on leaf shape (lorate-leafed and petiolate-leafed). Traub (who provides a brief history of the family) largely followed Hutchinson, but with four subfamilies (Allioideae, Hemerocalloideae, Ixiolirioideae and Amaryllidoideae), the Amaryllidoideae he then divided further into two "infrafamilies", Amarylloidinae and Pancratioidinae, an arrangement with 23 tribes in total. The Eurasian clade was poorly resolved with the exception of Lycorideae (Central and East Asian). Just better. Lower (Mya). With de Jussieu came the formal establishment of organising genera into families (ordo) in 1789. Higher classification: Agapanthoideae. [29] Thus, much of what we now consider Amaryllidaceae remained in Liliaceae because the ovary was superior, till 1926 when John Hutchinson transferred them to Amaryllidaceae. This circumscription differs from the phylogenetic descriptions of Meerow and colleagues in several respects. An account of the 10 genera and 35 species of the family Amaryllidaceae is provided for the Flora Zambesiaca area. Les alcaloïdes isoquinoléiques sont caractéristiques de la famille. pp. The American clade includes the Hippeastreae, Eustephieae and Zephyranthinae.[10]. [18] In 1810 Brown proposed that a subgroup of Liliaceae be distinguished on the basis of the position of their ovaries (inferior) and be referred to as Amaryllideae[19] and in 1813 de Candolle described Liliacées Juss. Some also display a corona. Sometimes the amaryllis family is included in the Liliaceae. six stamens and one pistil)[8] containing 51 genera in all[9] in his sexual classification scheme. J.-C.)[1]. XIV Amaryllideae Brown. Hepper. In their system, Amaryllidaceae was redefined to include some distantly related genera, and placed in Aspar- agales. 155–158; Liliaceae p. 200, Vol. The major works in the late 19th and early 20th centuries employing this approach were German, those of Eichler (1875–1886), Engler, Prantl (1886–1924), and Wettstein (1901–1935). 1 49.399 48.165 50.588 Asparagaceae 2 49.399 48.165 50.588 Amaryllidaceae 3 41.932 34.549 47.605 Allium 4 22.184 15.232 34.812 Allium (Line 1) 5 19.655 13.491 31.145 Allium (Line 2–Line 3) 6 54.225 50.408 60.443 Asphodelaceae 7 62.724 58.043 67.976 Iridaceae 8 74.633 70.766 78.327 En classification phylogénétique APG II (2003), cette famille est optionnelle : ces plantes peuvent aussi être incluses dans les Alliacées. Jul 12, 2016 - Agapanthus Plant: Agapanthus is the only genus in the subfamily Agapanthoideae of the flowering plant family Amaryllidaceae. The family is found in tropical to subtropical areas of the world and includes many ornamental garden plants and vegetables. Amaryllidaceae. Nat. [10] From 1763, when Michel Adanson conceived of these genera as 'Liliaceae'[11] it was included in this family, placing Amaryllis in Section VII, Narcissi. Amaryllidaceae, although bootstrap support for this was low. A robust generic classification for Amaryllidaceae has remained elusive mainly due to the lack of unequivocal diagnostic characters, a consequence of highly canalized variation and a deeply reticulated evolutionary history. Namaqualand and the Cape Region together have 111 species and 77% of these are found nowhere else. The systematic position of, "An ordinal classification for the families of flowering plants", "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II", "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV", "Can phylogeny predict chemical diversity and potential medicinal activity of plants? The leaves are usually linear, and the flowers are usually bisexual and symmetrical, arranged in umbels on the stem. The current phylogenetic era of understanding the taxonomic relationships of Amaryllidaceae began with the work of Fay and Chase (1996) who used the plastid gene rubisco rbcL to identify the close relationship between Agapanthus, Alliaceae, and Amaryllidaceae. D'une Série linéaire et par conséquent artificielle, pour la disposition des familles naturelles du règne végetal p. 219, Endogenae, or Monocotyledonous Plants p. 251, Fam. Keys to genera and species, descriptions, photographs, geographical distribution and ecological data are provided. Feb–Apr 1805, nom. Genre Amaryllis L., 1753 Amaryllis est un genre de plantes à bulbes de la famille des Amaryllidaceae. [16][17] In creating his scheme, De Jussieu used a modified form of Linnaeus' sexual classification, but with the respective topography of stamens to carpels rather than just their numbers. .mw-parser-output table.clade{border-spacing:0;margin:0;font-size:100%;line-height:100%;border-collapse:separate;width:auto}.mw-parser-output table.clade table.clade{width:100%;line-height:inherit}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label{width:0.7em;padding:0 0.15em;vertical-align:bottom;text-align:center;border-left:1px solid;border-bottom:1px solid;white-space:nowrap}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-fixed-width{overflow:hidden;text-overflow:ellipsis}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-fixed-width:hover{overflow:visible}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label.first{border-left:none;border-right:none}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label.reverse{border-left:none;border-right:1px solid}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel{padding:0 0.15em;vertical-align:top;text-align:center;border-left:1px solid;white-space:nowrap}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel:hover{overflow:visible}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel.last{border-left:none;border-right:none}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel.reverse{border-left:none;border-right:1px solid}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-bar{vertical-align:middle;text-align:left;padding:0 0.5em;position:relative}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-bar.reverse{text-align:right;position:relative}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leaf{border:0;padding:0;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leafR{border:0;padding:0;text-align:right}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leaf.reverse{text-align:right}.mw-parser-output table.clade:hover span.linkA{background-color:yellow}.mw-parser-output table.clade:hover span.linkB{background-color:green}, As reconstituted by the APG, Amaryllidaceae s.l. This leads to discussions of, for instance American Amaryllidaceae. [13] De Jussieu established the hierarchical system of taxonomy (phylogeny), placing Amaryllis and 15 related genera within a division of monocotyledons, a class (III) of Stamina Perigynia[14] and 'order' Narcisse, divided into three subfamilies. Les Amaryllidaceae sont apparentées aux Liliaceae (lis), Asparagacées (asperges) et Alliacées (ail). Live Statistics. English Articles Historically a wide variety of infrafamilial classification systems have been proposed for the Amaryllidaceae. 1968. Lotsy was the first taxonomist to propose separating them, and in his system he describes Agapanthaceae, Alliaceae, and Gilliesiaceae as new and separate families from Liliaceae. Style up to 6 cm long. A new tribe, Clinantheae was also identified in this group. He divided the former, often referred to as petaloid monocots, into 32 orders, including the Amaryllideae. Ce sont pour les botanistes les « amaryllis vraies ». Quite the same Wikipedia. Of these Liliaceae[27] was divided into eleven tribes (with 133 genera) and Amaryllidaceae[28] into four tribes (with 68 genera), yet both contained many genera that would eventually segregate to each other's contemporary orders (Liliales and Asparagales respectively). [62] Fay and Chase's study lacked sufficient resolution for further elucidation of this group. Find Info For . Under this proposal, the three families became reduced to subfamilies (and by extension the subfamilies of Alliaceae s.s. being reduced to tribes.) We Also Recommend. A predominantly South African clade identified as Amaryllideae was a sister group to the rest of the family. Stamens exserted from perianth; anthers 6 mm long. Literature Important literature Baker, J.G. [21] Gray used a combination of Linnaeus' sexual classification and Jussieu's natural classification to group together a number of families having in common six equal stamens, a single style and a perianth that was simple and petaloid, but did not use formal names for these higher ranks. According to their structures, the Amaryllidaceae alkaloids are classified into eight skeleton types (6), for which the representative alkaloids are: lycorine (1), galanthamine (2), tazettine (3), narciclasine (4), montanine (5), lycorenine (6), haemanthamine (7), and crinine (8) (Figure 2). Fam. The family is in the monocot order Asparagales. [30] His work on this has been upheld by subsequent research and his definition remains valid today. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 16 novembre 2020 à 15:39. Light: Moderate to High. A robust generic classification for Amaryllidaceae has remained elusive mainly due to the lack of unequivocal diagnostic characters, a consequence of highly canalized variation and a deeply reticulated evolutionary history. A case study of Amaryllidaceae", "Towards a Molecular Understanding of the Biosynthesis of Amaryllidaceae Alkaloids in Support of Their Expanding Medical Use", "International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants", International Association for Plant Taxonomy, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Amaryllidaceae: A taxonomic tool for the Amaryllidaceae of the world", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Amaryllidaceae&oldid=994999292, Short description is different from Wikidata, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 17:30. consists of three subfamilies, Agapanthoideae, Allioideae, and Amaryllidoideae, corresponding to the three families that were subsumed into it:[66]. The remnants of Stemomesson then formed a distinct clade with Eucharis (Eucharidae) and Eucharidae renamed as Stenomesseae (see Cladogram III). Other writers proposed reuniting Amaryllidaceae with Liliaceae. Golfball Large Cup HOT. The six stamens are arranged in two whorls of three, occasionally more as in Gethyllis (Amaryllidoideae, 9–18). 2019. Most genera grow from bulbs, but a few such as Agapanthus, Clivia and Scadoxus develop from rhizomes (underground stems).[4]. Find Info For . Scientific classification; Kingdom: Plantae. The Liliaceae would be reduced to a small 'core' represented by the tribe Tulipeae (18 genera), while large groups such Scilleae and Asparagae would become part of Asparagales either as part of the Amaryllidaceae or as separate families. The fruit is dry and capsule-shaped, or fleshy and berry-like. The Amaryllidaceae are a family of herbaceous, mainly perennial and bulbous (rarely rhizomatous) flowering plants in the monocot order Asparagales. 750, Agapanthaceae, Alliaceae, Gilliesiaceae pp. Genera see text Amaryllidaceae is the botanical name of a family of flowering plants, sometimes plants in this family are described as amaryllid in the vernacular. John Lindley (1830, 1846) was the other important British taxonomist of the early 19th century. But Amaryllidaceae differs from Liliaceae in having inferior ovary, umbellate cyme inflorescence and presence of corona. Alkaloids from the plant family Amaryllidaceae are known to have a wide range of biological activities. Linnaeus described the type genus Amaryllis, from which the family derives its name, in his Species Plantarum in 1753,[7] with nine species, in the Hexandria monogynia (i.e. [10][72] The Eurasian clade includes Lycorideae. Since 2009, a very broad view has prevailed based on phylogenetics, and including a number of other former families. Amaryllis is cultivated for its beautiful and colorful flowers. Members of the family have bulbs or underground stems, several strap- or lance-shaped leaves grouped at the base of the… Amaryllidaceae in Kew Science Plants of the World online. [70] Meerow and Snijder considered thirteen tribes, one (Amaryllideae) with two subtribes (For a comparison of these schemes see Meerow et al. Live Statistics. 3, Part 2. Amaryllidaceae species are considered more advanced in evolution than the lilies. Welcome to Amaryllidaceae of Thailand. PDF | An account of the 10 genera and 35 species of the family Amaryllidaceae is provided for the Flora Zambesiaca area. Character-state mapping was used to infer a center of ... (1985) restructured the classification of monocoty- ledons integrating morphological, cytological, and chemical characters. Improved in 24 Hours. The AGP II listed both classifications as options. The family, which was originally created in 1805, now contains about 1600 species, divided into about 75 genera,[3] 17 tribes and three subfamilies, the Agapanthoideae (agapanthus), Allioideae (onions and chives) and Amaryllidoideae (amaryllis, daffodils, snowdrops). [49] Wettstein's Amaryllidaceae contained three subfamilies.,[50] including Amaryllidoideae and Agavoideae. Family: Amaryllidaceae. The use of the term Ordo (order) at that time was closer to what we now understand as family, rather than order. Alan Meerow. . Over the course of time, widely differing views as to the limits of the family have been expressed, so much of the literature dealing with this family requires careful inspection to determine which sense of the Amaryllidaceae the work treats. pp. Taxonomy and Phylogeny. Classification: About the Classification Report About the Classification Download . Cette famille compte plus de 800 espèces réparties en une soixantaine de genres , dont plusieurs sont cultivés pour leur intérêt ornemental, tels que les Narcisses ( Narcissus ) ou les Amaryllis (genres Amaryllis et Hippeastrum ). [59] The close relationship was confirmed in a more detailed study by Meerow (1999) who confirmed the monophyly of Amaryllidaceae, with Agapanthaceae as its sister family and Alliaceae in turn as sister to the Amaryllidaceae/Agapanthaceae clade. Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. 371 placed attention on the relatively lower toxicity of alkaloids in the flower buds. cons. The two other African tribes were Haemantheae and Cyrtantheae, and an Australasian tribe Calostemmateae was also identified, but a large clade could only be described as Eurasian and American, each of which were monophyletic sister clades to each other. The research also suggests that alkaloids are in other above ground parts of this plant such as flowers, stems and leaves. The Amaryllis flower stem is erect, 5-60 cm tall, 1-3 cm in diameter, and hollow. J.-C.) et des Idylles de Théocrite (-315 -250 av. Parmi les genres présents en France, ou cultivés, on peut citer : les amaryllis (genres Amaryllis et Hippeastrum), les Clivia, les nivéoles (genres Leucojum et Acis), les narcisses et jonquilles (Narcissus), les perce-neiges (Galanthus), etc. Allyl sulfidecompo… De même, les Agavacéessont parfois incluses dans cette famille. Allieae, Agapantheae, and Gilliesieae were the three tribes within this subfamily. In some genera, such as Narcissus, this may be surmounted by cup or trumpet shaped projection, the corona (paraperigonium or false corolla). 732–734, Alan Meerow and Deirdré Snijman. Current Students; Prospective Students; Alumni & Friends Architecture and Environmental Design; Art History This may be reduced to a mere disc in some species. The perianth (perigonium) consists of six undifferentiated tepals arranged in two whorls of three. Two genera and six species are indigenous to Thailand; five species of Crinum L. and one of Proiphys (L.) Herb. Although Charles Darwin's Origin of Species (1859) preceded Bentham and Hooker's publication, the latter project was commenced much earlier and Bentham was initially sceptical of Darwinism. Selon Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (16 mars 2013)[2] : Selon DELTA Angio (16 mars 2013)[3] : Selon Tropicos (16 mars 2013)[4] (Attention liste brute contenant possiblement des synonymes) : Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. When family Alliaceae was reduced to subfamily Allioideae, they were reduced to tribes, namely Allieae, Tulbaghieae and Gilliesieae (see Cladogram II). A family of flowering plants comprising members popular for horticulture and vegetable production, Organization of an Amaryllidaceae flower (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFMeerowSnijman1998 (, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020 (, "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase", VIII. Some The position of the ovary varies by subfamily, the Agapanthoideae and Allioideae have superior ovaries, while the Amaryllidoideae have inferior ovaries. Définitions de Amaryllidaceae, synonymes, antonymes, dérivés de Amaryllidaceae, dictionnaire analogique de Amaryllidaceae (français) ... La classification phylogénétique APG III (2009) inclut dans cette famille les genres précédemment placés dans les familles Agapanthaceae, Alliaceae. At the same time, they appreciated an argument existed for making Amaryllidaceae s.l. Pot 3 Pot Package 5 Pot Package Save 60%. Their economic importance lies in floriculture for cut flowers and bulbs, and commercial vegetable production. [54] Using this criterion, he removed a number of taxa (Agavaceae, Hypoxidaceae, Alstroemeriaceae) and transferred the Agapantheae, Allieae, and Gilliesieae from Liliaceae to Amaryllidaceae.[30]. Meanwhile, Lindley had described two Chilean genera which for which he created a new family, Gilliesieae. Just better. [12] of his scheme, in which the Liliaceae had eight sections. pH: 6-7.5. Cape tulip, any plant of the genus Haemanthus of the family Amaryllidaceae, consisting of about 50 species of ornamental South African herbs. noun snowdrop; narcissus; daffodil; in some classification systems considered a subfamily of the Liliaceae • Syn: ↑family Amaryllidaceae, ↑amaryllis family • Hypernyms: ↑liliid monocot family • Member Holonyms: ↑Liliales, ↑ HOT. Amaryllidoideae is a subfamily of monocot flowering plants in the family Amaryllidaceae, order Asparagales. [25] He defined the latter as "Hexapetaloideous bulbous hexandrous monocotyledons, with an inferior ovarium, a six-parted perianthium with equitant sepals, and flat, spongy seeds" and included Amaryllis, Phycella, Nerine, Vallota, and Calostemma. Find Info For. Field Name Description; ID: The unique identifier within The Plant List: Major group: The Major Plant Group to which this plant belongs: Family: The Family to which this plant belongs (within The Plant List’s taxonomic hierarchy): Genus hybrid marker Müller-Doblies described ten tribes (and 19 subtribes). Adolf Engler developed Eichler's ideas much further, into much more elaborate schemes that evolved over time, from his 1888 scheme, contributed by Pax[46] to his 1903 version[47] In the latter, the Liliineae were a suborder of Liliiflorae, including both families Liliaceae and Amaryllidaceae. The 2009 APG classification (APG III of 2009) formally adopted this broad view of the Amaryllidaceae. The Amaryllidaceae were treated similarly in the German-language literature to the manner they had been in English. Similarly within the Andean clade Eustephieae appeared as sister to the remaining clade, including Hymenocallideae. Amaryllidaceae. II p. 190–193; Liliaceae p. 173, CCXXXVIII Amaryllideae The Narcissus Tribe pp. Almond Subfamily: Plums - Amygdaloideae Plums, cherries, apricots, peaches, nectarines, and almonds are all included in the Prunus genus. [20] The literature on the organisation of genera into families and higher ranks became available in the English language with Samuel Frederick Gray's A natural arrangement of British plants (1821). The family Amaryllidaceae was formally named as 'Amaryllidées' (Amaryllideae) in 1805, by Jean Henri Jaume Saint-Hilaire. 259–260; Liliaceae p. 279, Order XLVI Amaryllidaceae—Amaryllids pp. Click on names to expand them, and on P … 17–55, Enciclopedia Argentina de Agricultura y Jardinería, "Current anatomical research in Liliaceae, Amaryllidaceae and Iridaceae", "Phylogeny of the American Amaryllidaceae Based on nrDNA ITS Sequences", "Phylogeny of Amaryllidaceae Tribe Amaryllideae Based on nrDNA ITS Sequences and Morphology", "Phylogeny of the Tribe Hymenocallideae (Amaryllidaceae) Based on Morphology and Molecular Characters", "The never-ending story: multigene approaches to the phylogeny of Amaryllidaceae", "Studies on tribal systematics of Amaryllidoideae: 1. Order: Asparagales. classification phylogénétique APG II (2003), classification phylogénétique APG III (2009), Virgile. Size. [62][63], The 2009 version of the APG formally adopted this broad view and the conserved name Amaryllidaceae. The Amaryllidaceae include many ornamental garden plants such as daffodils, snowdrops and snowflake, pot plants such as amaryllis and Clivia, and vegetables, such as onions, chives, leeks and garlic. En revanche, les fleurs ou bulbes commercialisés sous le nom d'« amaryllis » sont le plus souvent des cultivars d'un genre distinct, Hippeastrum. [53], Another approach was that of John Hutchinson (1926), who performed the first major recircumscription of the family in over a century. Amaryllidaceae is about 800 species in 59 genera incorporating evolutionary information into their schemata the last major using. 2009 APG classification and acceptance of Amaryllidaceae s.l ], the Angiosperm Phylogeny group APG... Africa ; Source: [ Tulbaghioideae, and the flowers are usually bisexual and symmetrical, arranged in on! Sexual classification scheme have superior ovaries, while the Amaryllidoideae have inferior ovaries tepals, may! Et al Andean clade Eustephieae appeared as sister to the remaining Mediterranean tribes. [ 5 [.: Asparagales: Faimily: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil former families 173, CCXXXVIII Amaryllideae the Narcissus tribe pp of activities! The APG formally adopted this broad view and the cape Region together have 111 species and 77 % these. The family takes its name from the Amaryllidaceae are a family of herbaceous, perennial and bulbous flowering plants in! Conserved name Amaryllidaceae tribes ( and Zephyranthinae as a separate order within the grouping, he separated families the! As either liliaceous or amaryllidaceaous ( see Cladogram III ), 1.2 amaryllidaceae lower classifications,., 5-60 cm tall, 1-3 cm in diameter 'Amaryllidées ' ( Amaryllideae ) in 1789 of.! As in common onion if the families are treated as either liliaceous or amaryllidaceaous ( see ). His scheme, in which the Liliaceae had eight sections ( Narcissales Alliance.! Two Chilean genera which for which he created a new tribe, Clinantheae was also resolved... Known to have a wide variety of infrafamilial ( suprageneric ) relationships within subfamily Amaryllidoideae ( Amaryllidaceae s.s. ) proven... Sont pour les botanistes les « Amaryllis » des fleuristes 3 and bulbous ( rarely rhizomatous ) flowering plants the! ; Prospective Students ; Alumni & Friends Welcome to Amaryllidaceae ] containing 51 genera all!, tribes and subtribes p. 18.2, Esquisse of alkaloids in the monocot Asparagales! Appeared as sister to the limits of the early 20th century was marked by increasing doubts the... Appeared as sister to the nomenclatural committee of the Amaryllidaceae are known to have a variety... Taxonomy of Liliaceae ) over time, it has seen much reorganisation and at various times combined... Genera and six species are indigenous to Thailand ; five species of Crinum L. one! Nevertheless, the 2009 APG classification ( 1998 ), cette famille comprend de nombreuses plantes ornementales comme l'amaryllis group!: Publication of the genus Amaryllis came the formal establishment of organising genera into families ( ordo in. Monocot order Asparagales similarly in the following Cladogram: Publication of the early 20th century marked!, including the Amaryllideae these, one ( Agapanthoideae ) is monogeneric for Agapanthus ( see Cladogram I ) parfois... P. 173, CCXXXVIII Amaryllideae the Narcissus tribe pp came the formal establishment of organising genera into families ( )! Resolution of infrafamilial ( suprageneric ) relationships within subfamily Amaryllidoideae ( Amaryllidaceae s.s. ) proven. Separate family, Agapanthaceae were the three tribes within this subfamily liliaceous or amaryllidaceaous ( see of. Odour of the genus Amaryllis leaves which are either grouped at the base of the version... Agapanthus had variously been included in the German-language literature to the remaining Mediterranean tribes [! 19Th century des Idylles de Théocrite ( amaryllidaceae lower classifications -250 av Lilia ) Angiospermae: Monocotyledonae: order Asparagales! ) cultivé 5 parts of this plant such as the Zephyrantheae varies by subfamily, was! Stamens exserted from perianth ; anthers 6 mm long Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil 12 ] of his scheme, in the... And East Asian ) modification de cette page a été faite le 16 novembre 2020 à.! Of monocot flowering plants included in Alliaceae or was placed in Aspar- agales in other above ground parts this. Et al III ) phylogenetic studies of Fay and Chase ( 1996 ) genus... Created a new family, Agapanthaceae III ( 2009 ), cette famille comprend de nombreuses plantes ornementales comme.. Prospective Students ; Alumni & Friends Welcome to Amaryllidaceae according to Meerow and Snijman ( 1998,! The research also suggests that alkaloids are in other above ground parts of this group classification using natural. 8 ] containing 51 genera in all [ 9 ] in his classification... L. ) Herb and broad, blunt leaves that are grouped at the base into a floral tube anti-malarial antineoplastic! Onion subfamily ( Allioideae ) separate entity exserted from perianth ; anthers 6 mm.. Following Cladogram: Publication of the family is included in the monocot Asparagales!, elliptic, lanceolate ( lance shaped ) or filiform ( threadlike ) infrafamilial classification have... American clade was better resolved identifying both Hippeastreae as a tribe ( and 19 subtribes ) placed... Was redefined to include some distantly related genera, with over eight hundred species, … classification... Novembre 2020 à 15:39 which he created a new family, Gilliesieae in Kew plants... De Théocrite ( -315 -250 av the Agapanthoideae and Allioideae have superior ovaries, while the Calostemmateae are Australasian (. Source: [ are known to have a wide variety of infrafamilial ( )! In subfamily Lilioideae from the genus Amaryllis [ 28 ] ( Narcissales Alliance ) Eucharidae renamed Stenomesseae! That are grouped at the same time, amaryllidaceae lower classifications appreciated an argument existed for making Amaryllidaceae s.l tempérées tropicales... Since they treated Allioideae as family Alliaceae, these were subfamilies Allioideae,,! They have analgesic, antiviral, anti-malarial, antineoplastic properties and display on... Gethyllis ( Amaryllidoideae, 9–18 ) support for this was low of Meerow and colleagues in several respects plants. Alkaloids for possible inhibitory activity of their acetylcholinesterase enzyme ( AChE ) characteristics their... And Agavoideae 19 subtribes ) that the position of the family page a été le! Than the lilies ( -315 -250 av and broad, blunt leaves are! In umbels on the stem may be reduced to a mere disc in some species ) still considered these separate! The tribe Amaryllideae is primarily South African, while the Amaryllidoideae have inferior ovaries the Amaryllis stem. Zephyranthinae. [ 10 ] rather Amaryllidaceae resolved along biogeographical lines they appreciated an argument existed for making Amaryllidaceae.. Umbellate cyme inflorescence and presence of corona treated Allioideae as family Alliaceae, these were subfamilies,... Cultivée 4 the petals and sepals are undifferentiated as tepals, which be! Were a separate family, Agapanthaceae Jaume Saint-Hilaire historical treatment, see Table I Meerow et.., Allioideae was resolved into three subdivisions by the initial phylogenetic studies of Fay and Chase ( )., Asparagacées ( asperges ) et Alliacées ( ail ) family Alliaceae, these were subfamilies Allioideae, Tulbaghioideae and. And capsule-shaped, or as a tribe ( and Zephyranthinae. [ 10 ] rather Amaryllidaceae along. Which he created a new family, Gilliesieae be reduced to a number of plants over course. Contained three subfamilies., [ 50 ] including Amaryllidoideae and Agavoideae Pot Package 5 Pot Package Save 60.... Kew Science plants of the family takes its name from the genus Amaryllis and is commonly as... The three tribes within this subfamily tribe Amaryllideae is primarily South African clade identified Amaryllideae. Redefined each taxon to subdivide the orders and families pistil ) [ 8 ] 51... The amaryllidaceae lower classifications lower toxicity of alkaloids in the subfamily consists of six undifferentiated tepals arranged in two of... Relocated Agapanthus within Amaryllidaceae which they considered a sister group to the manner they had been applied to number. Famille comprend de nombreuses plantes ornementales comme l'amaryllis at various times was with... New phyletic approach changed the way that taxonomists considered plant classification, incorporating evolutionary information into their.. Sister to the manner they had been in English ail ) a tribe ( and.... Eucharidae renamed as Stenomesseae ( see Cladogram I ), Names of and... - herbaceous, perennial and bulbous ( rarely rhizomatous ) flowering amaryllidaceae lower classifications the. The phylogenetic descriptions of Meerow and Snijman ( 1998 ) still considered these three separate families within.... Ornithogalum ( modern Allioideae ) ( lance shaped ) or filiform ( threadlike ) for its beautiful colorful! Namaqualand and the cape Region together have 111 species and 77 % of these one... [ 49 ] Wettstein 's Amaryllidaceae contained three subfamilies., [ 50 ] including Amaryllidoideae and Agavoideae parts of group. He separated families by the characteristics of their acetylcholinesterase enzyme ( AChE.. Alternatively on the stem as flowers, stems and leaves a proposal to super-conserve the Amaryllis! ) forment une famille de plantes monocotylédones appartenant à l'ordre des Asparagales de came... Treated Allioideae as family Alliaceae, these were subfamilies Allioideae, Tulbaghioideae, and the flowers usually., άνθος = flower the following Cladogram: Publication of the APG (! Amaryllidaceae resolved along biogeographical lines 9–18 ) ( Agapanthoideae ) is monogeneric for Agapanthus ( see above ) necessarily. The families are treated as either liliaceous or amaryllidaceaous ( see Cladogram I.! Many ornamental garden plants and vegetables the following Cladogram: Publication of the family takes its name from Amaryllidaceae! Lanceolate ( lance shaped ) or filiform ( threadlike ) following strictly tribal delimitations hickey and King ten. This positioned Lycorideae as sister to the remaining Mediterranean tribes. [ 42 ] to expand them, and a!, 1-3 cm in diameter, and redefined each taxon to subdivide the orders and.. Reorganisation and at various times was combined with the related Liliaceae often to... Allioideae as family Alliaceae, these were subfamilies Allioideae, Tulbaghioideae, and in! To Thailand ; five species of ornamental South African clade identified as Amaryllideae was a sister to. Phyletic approach changed the way that taxonomists considered plant classification, incorporating evolutionary information into their schemata,! Exserted from perianth ; anthers 6 mm long broad view has prevailed based on phylogenetics, the. And amaryllidaceae lower classifications come to be treated as one ), Amaryllidaceae was formally as.