When it’s clean and in good working order, spray-paint the damper with a black high-temperature paint to prevent future rusting. Its purpose is to control the amount of smoke and air ventilation that drafts upward through the flue system. A damper must be in one piece that is snug to the flue in order for it to work properly. If you are using your fireplace on a windy day, you may want to have the damper partially closed so that less air can come down the chimney. Chimney 26236 36 in. damper throat should be increased proportionately. If you can control the amount of air going into the fireplace, you can certainly close the damper a bit after the fire is established-in conjuction with closing the draft. To work properly, a damper clip needs to keep the damper open all the way, or at least most of the way. If you're not sure which position of the chain or lever indicates open or closed, you need look in the fireplace. Fireplaces tend to be simple to operate, but the damper is the one crucial element you need to know how to use to keep your fireplace functional and safe. 83. It blocks off the air flow when it's closed and lets air in when it's open. Fireplaces are used for the relaxing ambiance they create and for heating a room. LESLIE: Jo in North Carolina has some concerns about a gas fireplace.What can we do for you? Depending on your fireplace model, the lever will either shift from side to side or up and down to open your damper. The fireplace damper is meant to be opened before you use your fireplace each time, and closed shortly afterwards. Air can flow both ways, so outside air can come into your home and the heated air Want to know more about how to maintain your fireplace and chimney! The fireplace opening is rectangular, but the way that they designed the brick, you either have to have something like 27 inches tall and 45 inches wide, or find something huge to covered the entire decorative brick that is in an arch at the top. If the damper cracks while being rapidly heating and cooling, it will no longer work properly. Every minute that the damper is open, when the fireplace is not being used, up to 600 feet of heated air can escape. And while older wood-burning fireplaces can function safely without a damper (gas fireplaces cannot), a chimney without a damper … You will know that the damper is in a good position if all of the smoke is rising upward, there is not a significant draft and the fire is burning comfortably. The best way to learn how to control your fire with the damper during different weather and with different types of wood is to experiment with it. 00. Determine the position of the flue damper. 4.5 out of 5 stars 344. A fireplace damper is a set of flaps in your fireplace that helps to prevent heat from escaping. Keeping your damper closed when your fireplace is cold will … Putting a Damper on Your Energy Bills The primary culprit in energy loss is the fireplace’s damper. If, after cleaning the damper, it still sticks, slide a short length of pipe — about 20 to 24 inches — over the damper handle (this extends the damper handle); then beat on the pipe with a sledgehammer to break the damper loose. Mantel—Either the shelf above a fireplace or the structure to support masonry above a fireplace; Smoke shelf—A shelf below the smoke chamber and behind the damper. Look up inside the fireplace with a flashlight. Opening the damper in a fireplace before starting a fire to avoid smoke damage to your home. By opening the wood stove damper, it allows air to get into the chimney so the fire can start. Try to find the damper handle. Air can flow both ways, so outside air can come into your home and the heated air from your home can escape through an open damper. Modern fireplaces vary in heat efficiency, depending on the design. (If the damper handle is not stuck, but you just aren’t sure how to open or close the damper, click here for directions.) Is Fireplace Smoke Pouring into Your Home? A damper functions like an open valve, allowing a lot of amounts of heated air to escape outside and not completely stay indoors. One of the most pervasive causes of a stuck damper is rust, often caused when rainwater enters the chimney through a faulty or nonexistent chimney cap. Doing so allows the chimney to exhaust all the smoke that is created by the fire, without losing all the heat. Why You Need Chimney Inspectors to Take a Look Before You Close on a New Home, 5 Common Chimney Issues that Cannot Be Ignored. You can open or close the damper using the controls in your fireplace. It’s easy to check if a throat damper is open or closed since it’s built into the fireplace and can be seen at the top of the firebox. 99. A fireplace or hearth is a structure made of brick, stone or metal designed to contain a fire. Some don't. Keeping your damper working properly is important. An open or unsealed damper in a well-insulated house can raise overall energy consumption by up to 30 percent, or nearly $200 With the damper left open and no fire in the fireplace, cold air can quickly spill down the chimney and into the room. Once a fire is burning, you can “fine-tune” the draft or upward flow to make your firewood last longer, by closing the damper a small amount at a time. There are 3 ways to tell whether or not the damper is open without lighting a fire. Look for a metal plate with a handle, and use the handle to open the damper. For help call a chimney specialist How to Open Your Chimney Damper Unless you have a vent-free fireplace, the first step you should take before lighting a fire in a wood-burning fireplace or gas fireplace is to open the damper. Removing a fireplace damper is a common part of a chimney renovation that homeowners come across. Step #3 – Observe how each position affects the fire: is the fire brighter or is it struggling? Open the damper up more fully the next time you use the fireplace to get bigger flames. It regulates draft and prevents the loss of heat up the chimney. It can be opened or closed manually to control the amount of air that is allowed to pass through. Close Fireplace Damper When Fire Is Completely Out. The damper is always open When the damper is always open, which is how these fireplaces are supposed to be installed, there will always be warm air leaving the house through the chimney, cold air coming in to the house through the chimney, or both. If it performs as it should, a damper prevents the heated air in your home from escaping up the chimney, and it also keeps the cold outside air from coming in. A damper will most likely be located within the throat of the chimney, just above the fireplace. To light a fire in a fireplace, start by making sure the damper on the flue is open so that smoke doesn’t come into the house. Unlike the style of damper located immediately above the firebox, a retrofit model is mounted at the top of the chimney and is operated by a long chain that hangs down the chimney. Replacing a fireplace damper by yourself is possible, and you can save yourself some serious money by foregoing professional consulta… During the part of the year you are using your wood-burning fireplace, open the damper before you light the fire. 2.2 out of 5 stars 3. Furthermore, keep the damper open until all the embers are done burning. Depending on your fireplace model, the lever will either shift from side to side or up and down to open your damper. Upper Deck Solid Brass Metal Open/Closed Fireplace Damper Sign Hanging Flue Pull Hook. Every minute that the damper is open, when the fireplace is not being used, up to 600 feet of heated air can escape. Minuteman International Cast Iron Ash Dump. They are not designed to be half open/half closed. Occasionally they're operated by turning a knob which rotates a worm gear to open or close the damper. Keep The Damper Fully Open When You’re Burning a Fire Remember that when using the fireplace that it is important to have the damper in a full open position, otherwise the fireplace will not draft properly and you may get smoke rolling out of the front of the fireplace and staining the wall and ceiling areas with smoke stains. Get Your Fireplace Ready for the Holiday Season! Next, stack small draft and larger flue areas to overcome cross currents. Step #6 – Repeat during different types of weather. When should the damper be kept open or closed? 99 $21.62 shipping Only 20 left in stock - order soon. Close the damper when the fire is extinguished. To start a fire, you must have the damper in the full-open position. You lift the handle, push open the damper, and prop the damper open by setting the handle into a groove. They also appear regularly on CBS News Saturday Morning. It has an ash pit with a little trap door towards the middle back of the fireplace. Woodeze 30" Vestal Cast-Iron Fireplace Damper 5.0 out of 5 stars 1 $101.99 $ 101. The damper controls the air flow in your fireplace. If you aren’t certain of the state of your damper, there are a few things you can do to find out. You don't want to leave your wood stove damper fully open, though, because then the heated air will continue to escape, and your room won't get warm. That means your furnace will be working overtime to replace the air running up your chimney. The reason for this is that using the gas logs with the damper closed would put deadly carbon monoxide in the house. An open fireplace damper, for example, may let 8 percent of heating costs go up the chimney. When starting a fire in your fireplace, making sure that your chimney damper is open is imperative to a healthy burn. Then, crumple 5 pieces of newspaper into bundles and place them on the grate. The fireplace damper should always be in the open position whenever you have a fire in the fireplace. Once your fire is burning, you can close the flue to allow only a small amount of air through the flue and out of the house. But, depending on the air pressure and air flow in your house, sealing off the fireplace will prevent warm air in It depends on if your fireplace has doors or not. DIY or Hire a Pro. If necessary to keep the fire burning well and smoke-free, you may adjust the damper into a semi-open position. This product is sold as a clearance offer and is sold as a graded item fully boxed and in a like new condition with a one year guarantee . • Feel for a Draft. Use the damper to its potential If your fireplace is well-designed, it will have a damper you can easily adjust to control the flow of air up the chimney. $16.99 $ 16. Then, follow these steps: Step #2 – Adjust the damper in different positions. The damper moves relatively freely when the stove is cold, and when it is hot. The throat, or upper portion, of the firebrick that lines the back of your fireplace should have a slight angle to guide smoke up and out while reducing cold air intake and may slant towards the throat damper. Never close the damper or leave the fireplace unattended while there is a fire in the fireplace. Some don't. This is not only a fire hazard, it can also cause deadly carbon monoxide poisoning. While some fireplaces only allow the damper to be either fully open or fully closed, many newer fireplaces allow you to adjust the damper. With old-style wood fires the smoke will tell you the damper is closed. If the fireplace damper is sealed shut, smoke can quickly back up into your home. This allows the chimney to draft at maximum efficiency during startup and effectively remove smoke. Many people wonder about how to properly use a chimney damper. If you keep the damper open, the fire will build and the smoke and soot will vent through your chimney. If you have an open fireplace, you don't have much choice but to leave the damper wide open. Active Fireplace. How to Know if the Damper is Open. When you aren’t using your fireplace, it prevents drafts and keeps heated/cooled air inside your house from escaping up the chimney. Fireplaces without dampers or with faulty dampers can be retrofitted with new dampers. Smoke and dangerous carbon monoxide can enter the house. 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